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Process Analysis Rhetorical Mode

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Process Analysis Rhetorical Mode

Have you ever bought something that needed assembly, and you followed the instructions only to find that the finished product was all wrong? This was quite possibly due to faulty directions. The company that wrote the instruction manual didn’t follow best practices for process analysis, and you felt the consequences. If you want to know the most important types of process analysis as a rhetorical mode and how to write a process analysis essay, just keep reading.

Definition of Process Analysis as a Rhetorical Mode

In composition, process analysis is a method of developing paragraphs or essays that provides a step-by-step explanation of how something is done.

Process analysis is a rhetorical mode, which means it is one of several patterns of organization for speech and writing. More specifically, process analysis is a complex rhetorical mode.

Complex rhetorical modes are those that involve a thorough analysis of the topic. Process analysis is a complex rhetorical mode because it requires you to dive deep into the details of the subject in order to produce an effective discussion of the process. In order to provide a step-by-step procedure, you really have to have an intimate understanding of the subject matter.

Aspects of Process Analysis as a Rhetorical Mode

Process analysis sets out to explain how something is made, performed, composed or happens. It typically answers the following questions about the process:

  • What is to be done?

  • How long does it take?

  • What is needed to do it?

  • Where/ when should it happen?

In order for process analysis to be truly thorough, you can’t assume your audience automatically knows any of these things. It is the responsibility of the writer or speaker to make these things abundantly clear.

Imagine trying to follow the process of how to write a haiku poem that didn’t mention anywhere how many lines are in the poem. One of the most important aspects of a haiku is that it only has three lines. So let’s say you followed the given process step by step and composed a beautiful (what you thought was a haiku) poem of twenty lines and turned it in to be graded. Do you think you’ll get full credit for that pseudo-haiku? No way!

In order to answer the questions above and provide detailed information, process analyses often include a sequence, instructions, and relevant procedures.

Process Analysis (Rhetorical Mode), Illustration of Sequence, StudySmarterSequence is the natural way we understand processes and it is illustrated all around us, Pixabay

Sequence

Sequences are often seen in process analysis because it is the natural way people express a process.

Sequence: An order, or series, in which related things or events happen one after another.

Sequences give structure and order to a process. Without a sequence, you would have to guess which step to do and when, which would almost definitely affect the end result.

Instructions

This might seem obvious for explaining a process, but sometimes it’s easy to overlook the most basic aspect of a process: the instructions. This is where you give the audience detailed information about how to do something.

In the absence of specific instructions, your process analysis would merely be a series of actions. Instructions give the sequence meaning.

Procedures

Simply put, a procedure is an established way of doing something. Sure, you could take your best guess about how to start a compost pile based on what you know about decomposing organisms, but you’ll get better results faster by following a particular procedure.

Procedures comes from experts, and people who have perfected a process over the course of time. It’s wise to include any relevant procedures in your process analysis because they can be very helpful in assisting someone learning to do something. Including procedures is like removing the trial and error step(s) from the process.

In the process of citing works in the body of an essay, it is standard procedure to include the citation at the end of the sentence, although this is not the only way to do it. Leaving citations at the end of a sentence simply prevents the citations from interrupting the meaning of the sentence.

What is the Purpose of Process Analysis as a Rhetorical Mode?

The ultimate purpose of process analysis is to take someone through a series of steps to achieve a desired end result. If possible, though, it’s also a good goal to try and prove something true about the process, or evaluate it in some way.

If you’re discussing an established process that has followed the same procedures for hundreds of years, you could evaluate the different ways to do it and comment on the one you believe is best. For example, you might discuss the process of story-telling and comment on the ways this simple pastime has changed over the course of centuries.

On the other hand, you might be discussing a relatively new process, or perhaps you’re writing the first ever written version of the process. Perhaps you have what you believe to be the easiest way to use Google to locate scholarly articles for research. After you share the process, you might try to prove that yours is the absolute best way to go about it for anyone who attempts the process in the future.

Regardless of your commentary, the first concern is making the process abundantly clear.

Types of Process Analysis with Examples

There are two main types of process analysis: directive and explanatory.

Process Analysis (Rhetorical Mode), Following Instructions of an directive Process Analysis, StudySmarterDirective process analysis assumes that the listener will use the instructions to achieve some goal, Unsplash.com

Directive Process Analysis

A directive process tells someone how to do something through a series of directions that you expect them to follow. You might give directions on how to write an essay, repair a tire, cook a meatloaf, or play the piano.

The steps in a directive process should be clear and concise so anyone could follow them to achieve the result. It is common procedure to use the second-person perspective—allows the use of “you” and the use of imperative mood for verbs as in, “Add flour and stir vigorously.” Second person perspective is ideal for directive analysis because it puts the audience in the driver’s seat, so to speak.

When writing a speech, the first thing you need to do is outline your speech structure. What are the main points you want to make? Next, flesh out these main points by freewriting or brainstorming to come up with more content. Edit what you’ve gathered from the previous step until you’ve got a cohesive first draft. Next, practice giving your speech out loud until you can’t stand it anymore. Update and revise your speech as you practice it time after time.

Explanatory Process Analysis

Have you ever wondered what it was like to go to outer space? You don’t plan on going, but you’re curious about the process. You would benefit from an explanatory process analysis of space exploration.

Explanatory process analysis is the explanation of a process that gives information so the audience understands how the process works, but may not intend to perform it. This gives the necessary information for a basic understanding of a process, not a practical, hands-on knowledge.

This type of process analysis might be good if you simply want to inform your audience’s curiosity about something. It is more common to use third-person he, she, it, and they in this process than second-person, because the audience doesn’t necessarily intend to follow the steps.

Learning Spanish is a complex, but very do-able task and the benefits of speaking an additional language are numerous. If someone wishes to learn Spanish, they should first determine their “why.” Why do they want to speak Spanish? This will help motivate them as the encounter difficulties in the process. The next thing to do is to begin by memorizing basic Spanish nouns. The learner will gain confidence as they are able to make connections between things in the physical world and Spanish words. Pronunciation is not essential in this stage.

Writing a Process Analysis Essay

Because it is all about explaining, process analysis is known as an expository writing style when used in composition.

There are four common types of expository writing; compare/ contrast, description, process analysis, and cause/ effect. The purpose of these writing styles is to expose information to an audience, which is why it’s called expository writing.

As with most other types of essays, a process analysis essay begins with an introduction, is followed by a series of body paragraphs, and finally a conclusion.

Introduction of Process Analysis Essay

The introduction of a process analysis essay should include the following elements:

  • An overview of the process

  • The thesis statement

  • Any necessary term definitions

The purpose of an introduction is obviously to introduce the reader to the topic. You might provide some relevant background information that helps the reader understand what you’re specifically talking about.

Next, provide a brief summary of the process. You might do this separately from your thesis statement, but your thesis should include an overview of the process in a single sentence and perhaps an idea or commentary you wish you make.

Remember, a thesis statement is a single declarative sentence that outlines the intention of the essay. A thesis statement in a process analysis should mention an overview of process, as well as make a particular statement about the process. This could be a commentary on the process itself, about the end result of the process, or anything else involved along the way. This commentary makes your process analysis essay more meaningful and interesting.

Lastly, your introduction should include the definition of any terms that are unique to the process or that your average audience wouldn’t already know. You can include a deeper examination of terms in the process in the body paragraphs, but do introduce words that are integral to the overall process at the beginning of your essay.

Body Paragraphs of Process Analysis Essay

The next step in writing a process analysis essay is to write the body paragraphs. These are the substance of your essay, where the process will be broken down into sections.

Typically, each body paragraph in a process analysis essay is devoted to a major step in the process. Related steps can be grouped by paragraph, if there are more than three or four major steps. This will prevent your essay from being too long.

People generally like to have a description after each step so they know they’ve done it the right way. This is a natural part of giving directions, for example: “Take a right turn (the step) and you’ll see the library on the left.” Provide descriptions after the more complex steps in your process analysis.

The steps of a process are usually presented in chronological order, which is the order in which they occur naturally. All this means is that one thing follows another, and any other way of organizing the steps would mean a different end result.

Conclusion of Process Analysis Essay

Last comes the concluding paragraph of a process analysis essay. This is where you describe the end result so that they audience know what to look for. What should it look like? Is there a particular way to know if the process was done correctly? Include this information here.

The conclusion is a good place to go over the major steps you presented in the process. This is a way of summarizing your essay. You might consider restating your thesis, which should contain a brief summary of the process.

The last thing to include is a reference to your commentary about the process. You might conclude with a commentary of the benefits of the process, or a call to action like, “Try this technique for writing your own speech and see how much easier it is to speak in public.” This will give the audience context and really bring the process into their world.

Process Analysis Outline Example

Below is an outline for a process analysis of writing a haiku poem. The outline is broken up by introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion.

Process Analysis (Rhetorical Mode), Steps for writing a Process Analysis, StudySmarterThere is no formula for writing a process analysis essay, but you can follow the steps for a basic essay structure, Unsplash.

Topic: How to Write a Haiku Poem

Introduction

Introduce topic
  • Traditional haikus follow specific structure

  • 5-7-5 syllable framework

  • Everything else open to creative inspiration

  • Thesis: While writing within the confines of the traditional Haiku poem structure, you might find more creative freedom than any other type of poetry. First, brainstorm subject ideas, focus on sensory details, and use short phrases.

Body paragraph I

  • Topic sentence: Writing a Haiku starts with brainstorming ideas for the subject and inspiration.

  • Detail A: Haikus are often about things found in nature; go outside to look for inspiration.

  • Detail B: Haikus can be about anything that inspire awe or surprise.

  • Detail C: Focus on a troubling or startling event from your past for inspiration.

Body paragraph II
  • Topic sentence: The next step is to focus on the sensory details of your subject.

  • Detail A: Haikus are meant to give the reader a short experience with the subject using the senses.

  • Detail B: Think about how your subject smells, tastes, feels, sounds, and looks.

Body paragraph III
  • Topic sentence: You'll need to use short phrases as you begin to compose your Haiku so that you will stay within the 5-7-5 structure.

  • Detail A: The limitations of a Haiku are a fun challenge; can you fit your subject into the space allowed?

  • Detail B: You might have to use unusual imagery or figurative language to stay within the parameters.

Conclusion
  • Process summary: Writing a traditional haiku begins with brainstorming subject ideas, particularly things found in nature. Once you have your subject, focus on details that center on the sensory experience of that subject. Lastly, use short phrases to create that experience for your reader within the framework of the 5-7-5 syllable structure.

  • Comment on process: This process seems limiting at first, but it can actually inspire surprising creativity in order to stay within the framework.

  • Call to action: Try it today and see if you don't surprise yourself with the creative little poem you compose in just seventeen syllables.

Process Analysis - Key takeaways

  • In composition, process analysis is a method of developing paragraphs or essays that provides a step-by-step explanation of how something is done.
  • Process analysis is a complex rhetorical mode.
  • Process analyses often include a sequence, instructions, and relevant procedures.
  • There are two main types of process analysis, which are directive and explanatory.
  • Typically, each body paragraph in a process analysis essay is devoted to a major step in the process.

Frequently Asked Questions about Process Analysis Rhetorical Mode

Process analysis as a rhetorical mode is a method of developing paragraphs or essays that provides a step-by-step explanation of how something is done

The types of process analysis are directive and explanatory. 

The features of process analysis are sequence, instructions, and relevant procedures. 

A process analysis paragraph should include an introduction to the topic, a summary of the process, as well as the step-by-step explanation.

The purpose of process analysis as a rhetorical mode is to thoroughly explain how something is done or came to be. 

Final Process Analysis Rhetorical Mode Quiz

Question

What is the definition of process analysis in composition?

Show answer

Answer

Process analysis is a method of developing paragraphs or essays that provides a step-by-step explanation of how something is done. 

Show question

Question

True or false: Process analysis is a rhetorical mode.

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Answer

True

Show question

Question

Process analysis is a __________ rhetorical mode.

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Answer

Complex

Show question

Question

Process analysis typically answers the following questions. Which question is missing from the list?


  • What is to be done?

  • How long does it take?

  • Where/ when should it happen?

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Answer

What is needed to do it?

Show question

Question

__________ is an order, or series, in which related things or events happen one after another.

Show answer

Answer

Sequence

Show question

Question

In the absence of _________, your process analysis would merely be a series of actions. 


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Answer

Instructions

Show question

Question

Procedures come from _______, and people who have perfect a process over time.

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Answer

Experts

Show question

Question

What are some possible ways you could include commentary in your process analysis:

  • comment on the process itself (it's outdated, etc.)
  • it is the superior method
  • ____________________

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Answer

Introduce a new method and explain why you think it is necessary/ better than the rest

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Question

True or false: You shouldn't include a commentary on the process in a process analysis essay.

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Answer

False

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Question

The following is an example of ______________. 
An explanation of the process of climbing Mount Everest in order to answer people's curiosity about the process.

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Answer

Explanatory process analysis

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Question

Which type of process analysis should you use if you want to explain a process step-by-step using the direct, second-person perspective?

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Answer

Directive process analysis

Show question

Question

Because it is all about explaining, process analysis is known as ___________ writing style when used in composition. 


Show answer

Answer

Expository

Show question

Question

The introduction to a process analysis essay should include:

  • An overview of the process

  • The thesis statement

  • __________________

Show answer

Answer

Any necessary term definitions

Show question

Question

How are body paragraphs typically used in a process analysis essay?

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Answer

Typically, each body paragraph in a process analysis essay is devoted to a major step in the process.

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Question

True or false: A process analysis essay doesn't need a conclusion.

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Answer

False

Show question

Question

What are mnemonics?

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Answer

Mnemonics, also called mnemonic devices, are learning tools designed to help with memorization.

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Question

What are the four main types of mnemonics?

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Answer

The four main types of mnemonics are:


  • words and letters
  • music and rhyme
  • visualization
  • connections

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Question

What are the three subtypes of the mnemonic type words and letters?

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Answer

  • acronyms
  • expression/word mnemonics
  • spelling mnemonics

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Question

What type of word and letter mnemonic is this?


The five Great Lakes in the U.S. are Huron, Ontario, Michigan, Erie, and Superior. The list can be abbreviated as HOMES.

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Answer

Acronym

Show question

Question

What type of word and letter mnemonic is this?


The four spaces on the bass-clef musical staff mark the notes A, C, E, and G. This can be remembered with the initial letters of the sentence, "All Cows Eat Grass."

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Answer

Expression and word

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Question

What type of word and letter mnemonic is this?


The word "accommodate" can accommodate both a double c and a double m.

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Spelling

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Question

What are the two subtypes of the mnemonic type music and rhyme?

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Answer

  • Music
  • Rhyme

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Question

What type of music and rhyme mnemonic is this?


Back in 1492, Columbus sailed the ocean blue.

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Answer

Rhyme

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Question

What type of music and rhyme mnemonic is this?


The comedian Tom Lehrer set the entire periodic table of elements to the tune of "I Am the Very Model of a Modern Major-General" from the musical "The Pirates of Penzance." —"The Elements," Tom Lehrer (1959).

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Answer

Music

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Question

What are the subtypes of the mnemonic type visualization?

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Answer

  • model mnemonics
  • image mnemonics
  • method of loci

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Question

What type of visualization mnemonic is this?


You can remember the five taxonomic kingdoms by imagining them all in a zoo. The first exhibit "Animalia" is full of animals and fish, the second "Plantae" is full of plants, the third "Fungi" is full of mushrooms and yeast, the fourth "Protista" is full of protozoa, and the fifth "Monera" is full of bacteria. As you "walk" through the zoo, you see each exhibit in order.

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Answer

Method of loci

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Question

What type of visualization mnemonic is this?


You can remember the layers of the earth by drawing a cross-section, labeling and color-coding each layer.

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Answer

Model mnemonic

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Question

What type of visualization mnemonic is this?


You can remember that Louis Pasteur invented the rabies vaccine by drawing a cartoon of Louis Pasteur holding a syringe labeled "RABIES."

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Answer

Image mnemonic

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Question

What are the two subtypes of the mnemonic type chunking?

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Answer

  • note organization
  • connections

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Question

What type of chunking mnemonic is this?


You can remember the names of new acquaintances by assigning alliterative descriptions to them. For example, "Harry wears a hat," "Monica is a mom," or "Pedro plays the piano."

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Answer

Connections

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Question

What type of chunking mnemonic is this?


Compiling, color-coding, and drawing boxes around similar topics in your notes will help you study them more easily.

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Answer

Note organization

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Question

What are acronyms?


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Answer

Acronyms are abbreviations made up of the first letter of the words in an expression. 

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Question

Amy is studying for a geography test and has to memorize the directions on a compass. To do this she remembers the phrase “Never Eat Soggy Waffles.” What type of mnemonic device is Amy using?


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Answer

Acronym 


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Question

What are visualization mnemonics?


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Answer

Visualization mnemonics make use of models, pictures, and imagined locations to assist in memorization. 


Show question

Question

What type of chunking are you using right now?


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Answer

Flashcards 


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Question

What are the types of process analysis?


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Answer

Directive and explanatory 


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Question

_ process analysis assumes that the listener will use the instructions to achieve some goal. 


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Answer

Directive


Show question

Question

What perspective is ideal for directive process analysis?


Show answer

Answer

Second


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Question

A thesis statement is what kind of sentence?


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Answer

Declarative


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Question

True or false. Your introduction should not include the definition of any terms that your average audience won’t know. These definitions should be introduced later. 


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Answer

False


Show question

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