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Surface Area of Sphere

Surface Area of Sphere

Think of a soccer ball. Think of a globe. These are round three-dimensional objects, the shape of which is known as a sphere. In this article, we will explore how to determine the surface area of a sphere.

First, let's visualize the components of a sphere. Consider congruent circles in three-dimensional space that all have the same point for their center. Taken together, these circles form a sphere. All points on the surface of the sphere are an equal distance from its center. This distance is the radius of the sphere.

In space, a sphere is the locus of all points that are at a given distance from a given point called its center.

Formula for the surface area of spheres

Now suppose you are holding a perfectly spherical ball in your hand, and you want to tightly wrap it in paper. The surface area of the sphere can be thought of as the minimum amount of paper that would be required to completely cover its entire surface. In other words, the sphere's surface area is the space that covers the surface of the shape, measured with square units (i.e., m2, ft2, etc.)

Consider the following sphere with radius r:

Surface of Spheres Sphere of radius r - StudySmarterSurface area of a sphere - StudySmarter Originals

The surface area, S, of the sphere with radius, r, is given by the following formula:

Calculating the surface area of spheres with diameter

Suppose that instead of the radius, you are given the diameter of the sphere. Since the diameter is twice the length of the radius, we can simply substitute the value in the above formula. This would lead to:

So the surface area, S, of a sphere with diameter, d, is:

Great circles and the surface of spheres

When a plane intersects a sphere so that it contains the center of the sphere, the intersection is called a great circle. In effect, a great circle is a circle contained within the sphere whose radius is equal to the radius of the sphere. A great circle separates a sphere into two congruent halves, each called a hemisphere.

For example, if we approximate the Earth's shape as spherical, then we can call the equator a great circle because it passes through the center and splits the Earth (approximately) into two halves.

Examples using the surface area of sphere formula

Let us take a look at some examples related to surface area of spheres.

Find the surface area of a sphere of radius 5 ft.

Solution:

Find the surface area of a sphere given that the area of its great circle is 35 square units.

Solution:

Surface area of the sphere = 4πr2

Area of the great circle = πr2

We are given

πr2 = 35

Surface area of the sphere = 4πr2

= 4 × 35

= 140 square units

The surface area of a sphere is 616 ft2. Find its radius.

Solution:

Note: The radius must be a positive value, so we know that -7 is not the solution.

Surface of spheres - Key takeaways

  • In space, a sphere is the locus of all points that are at a given distance from a given point called its center.
  • The surface area, S, of a sphere with radius, r, is given by the formula:S = 4πr²
  • When a plane intersects a sphere so that it contains the center of the sphere, the intersection is called a great circle.

Frequently Asked Questions about Surface Area of Sphere

The sphere's surface area is the space that covers the surface of the shape, measured with square units (m2, ft2, etc.). The surface area, S, of a sphere with radius, r, is given by the formula: S = 4πr2

The surface area, S, of a sphere with radius, r, is given by the formula: S = 4πr2

Final Surface Area of Sphere Quiz

Question

What is a sphere?

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Answer

In space, a sphere is the locus of all points that are at a given distance from a given point called its center.

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Question

What is the formula for finding the surface area of a sphere?

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Answer

S = 4πr2

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Question

Find the surface area of a sphere given that the area of its great circle is 47 square units.

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Answer

188

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Question

Find the surface area of a sphere given that the area of its great circle is 11.

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Answer

44

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Question

What is a great circle?

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Answer

When a plane intersects a sphere so that it contains the center of the sphere, the intersection is called a great circle.

Show question

Question

Find the surface area of a sphere of radius 5.

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Answer

314.28

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Question

Find the surface area of a sphere of radius 3.

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Answer

113.14

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Question

Find the surface area of a sphere of radius 10.

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Answer

1257.14

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Question

Find the surface area of a sphere of radius 1.

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Answer

12.57

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Question

Find the surface area of a sphere of radius 11.

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Answer

1521.14

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Question

Find the surface area of a sphere of radius 8.

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Answer

807.57

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Question

Find the surface area of a sphere of radius 4.

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Answer

201.14

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Question

The surface area of a sphere is 616. Find its radius.

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Answer

7

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Question

The surface area of a sphere is 1521.14. Find its radius.

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Answer

11

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Question

The surface area of a sphere is 314.28. Find its radius.

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Answer

5

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