Select your language

Suggested languages for you:
Log In Start studying!
StudySmarter - The all-in-one study app.
4.8 • +11k Ratings
More than 3 Million Downloads
Free
|
|

All-in-one learning app

  • Flashcards
  • NotesNotes
  • ExplanationsExplanations
  • Study Planner
  • Textbook solutions
Start studying

Open Sentences and Identities

Open Sentences and Identities

The term open sentences refer to a type of sentence that is used in maths. A sentence in maths is just the same as a sentence in English;

Open sentences definition in maths

An open sentence is a sentence where it is not known whether it is true or false until the missing variables have been solved, whereas a closed sentence is either always true or always false.

Some examples of open sentences include;

Solving open sentences in maths

When you are asked to solve an open sentence you will be given different variables, this is known as a replacement set. You can use these variables to find out whether the open sentence is true or false.

Find the solution for the equation, if the replacement set is {2, 4, 6, 8}

Solution:

To solve this you can start by substituting each option from the replacement set into the equation to find out if any of them create a true sentence;

Here you can see that the sentence is true when therefore the solution set is {4}.

Find the solution for the equation, if the replacement set is {2, 4, 6, 8}

Solution:

Once again simply substitute each variable from the replacement set to find your solution;

Here you can see that the sentence is true when, therefore your solution set is {6}.

Find the solution for the equation, if the replacement set is {2, 4, 6, 8}

Solution:

Start by substituting each of the variables into the equation;

Here you can see that the sentence is true when, therefore the solution set is {8).

What are identities?

An identity in maths can be described as a sum that is always true.

There are different types of identities that have different properties.

Additive identity

When adding any number to 0, the sum will be equal to the number, therefore 0 is the additive identity.

Multiplicative identity

When multiplying a number with 1 the product is equal to the number, therefore 1 is the multiplication identity.

Multiplicative property of zero

When multiplying a number with 0, the product is equal to 0.

Multiplicative inverses

This is when two numbers are multiplied to equal 1, this is also known as reciprocals.

Solving identities in maths

When it comes to solving identities you may be asked to solve the missing variable or identify which property of identities is shown.

Find the value of x and identify what property is being used,

Solution:

You know that the multiplicative identity says that a number is multiplied by 1 the product is the number, therefore .

Find the value of x and identify what property is being used,

Solution:

You know that the additive identity says that when you add 0 to a number, the sum is the number, therefore.

Find the value of x and identify what property is being used,

Solution:

The multiplicative inverse property is applied when the product of two numbers equals 1. This means that.

Open Sentences and Identities - Key takeaways

  • Open sentences are a type of mathematical sentence that involve variables making it unknown whether it is true or false.
  • A replacement set is a list of potential variables to help you solve the open sentence.
  • There are 4 different identity properties:
    • Additive identity
    • Multiplicative identity
    • Multiplicative property of zero
    • Multiplicative inverses, also known as reciprocals

Frequently Asked Questions about Open Sentences and Identities

An open sentence in maths is a sentence where it is not known whether it is true or false. However, identities in maths can be described as a sum that is always true .

Some examples of open sentences are;

  • x + 5 = 12
  • y - 6 = 23
  • 3 + n = 8

When solving open sentences you are often given a replacement set, the variables in this set can be substituted into the sentence in order to determine whether it is true or false. 

A variable in an open sentence represents a number that you do not yet know the value of, it is often represented as an x or y. 

When solving an open sentence you are finding out the missing variable to check whether the sentence is true or false. 

Final Open Sentences and Identities Quiz

Question

What are open sentences?

Show answer

Answer

Open sentences are a type of sentence where it is not known whether it is true or false.

Show question

Question

What are closed sentences?

Show answer

Answer

Closed sentences are a type of sentence that is always true or always false.

Show question

Question

What are the four identity properties?


Show answer

Answer

Additive identity 

Multiplicative identity 

Multiplicative property of zero 

Multiplicative inverses 

Show question

More about Open Sentences and Identities
60%

of the users don't pass the Open Sentences and Identities quiz! Will you pass the quiz?

Start Quiz

Discover the right content for your subjects

No need to cheat if you have everything you need to succeed! Packed into one app!

Study Plan

Be perfectly prepared on time with an individual plan.

Quizzes

Test your knowledge with gamified quizzes.

Flashcards

Create and find flashcards in record time.

Notes

Create beautiful notes faster than ever before.

Study Sets

Have all your study materials in one place.

Documents

Upload unlimited documents and save them online.

Study Analytics

Identify your study strength and weaknesses.

Weekly Goals

Set individual study goals and earn points reaching them.

Smart Reminders

Stop procrastinating with our study reminders.

Rewards

Earn points, unlock badges and level up while studying.

Magic Marker

Create flashcards in notes completely automatically.

Smart Formatting

Create the most beautiful study materials using our templates.

Sign up to highlight and take notes. It’s 100% free.