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The Self Congruence and Conditions of Worth

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The Self Congruence and Conditions of Worth

Carl Rogers proposed the concepts of the self, congruence, and conditions of worth and used them in client-centred therapy.

The Self Congruence and Conditions of Worth[+] Self-perception [+] StudySmarterOur self-concept, self-knowledge, self-esteem, and social self define our self-perception, Katarina Gadže, StudySmarter Originals

What is Carl Rogers’ self-concept?

Carl Rogers proposed that a person’s self-concept consists of three parts: our self-image, our ideal self, and our self-esteem.

Self-image

Our self-image is the way we perceive ourselves, how we think, feel, look, and act. Our experiences can shape our self-image.

The ideal self

The ideal self is the person we would like to be. It is the ideal image we have of ourselves.

Self-esteem

Self-esteem is a subjective assessment of our self-worth.

Self-concept is what we think about ourselves. Therefore, our self-esteem can be positive or negative depending on how we feel about ourselves.

Congruence

Congruence is a term used by Carl Rogers to describe when a person’s self-image matches their ideal self. However, Rogers believed that a person rarely achieves complete congruence and that everyone has some degree of incongruence.

Incongruence

Incongruence occurs when there is a discrepancy between our self-image and our ideal self.Roger’s premise is that all people have an innate drive to grow, develop and reach their full potential. To achieve this, we must be in a state of congruence.

What are conditions of worth?

Conditions of worth develop when we accept other people’s rules or opinions about how we should be. Conditions of worth are something that parents can impose on their children. Children must behave in a certain way or meet conditions for their parents to love and accept them. Children grow up believing that they must behave in a certain way to receive people’s love and acceptance. When we receive conditional positive regard, we develop conditions of worth.

Conditions of worth are rules of behaviour that a person believes they must follow to be loved and accepted.

A child may grow up with an ‘ideal self’ shaped by values. This ‘ideal self’ is not what they are or want to be, leading to psychological problems.

A child believes that he must get good grades to receive their parents’ love. A boy thinks he must not show weakness or his father would disapprove and not accept him.

Unconditional positive regard

Unconditional positive regard means that someone is loved and accepted regardless of what they do or whether they make mistakes. A child is loved even if they are sometimes naughty, do not listen, or behave in some other disapproving way.


The Self Congruence and Conditions of Worth - Key takeaways

  • Carl Rogers suggested that a person’s self-concept consists of three parts: our self-image, our ideal self, and our self-esteem.

  • Congruence occurs when a person’s self-image matches their ideal self.

  • Value conditions are rules of behaviour that a person believes they must follow to be loved and accepted.

  • Value conditions are something parents can impose on their children. Children must behave in a certain way or meet conditions for their parents to love and accept them.

  • Unconditional positive regard means that someone is loved and accepted no matter what they do or whether they make mistakes.

Frequently Asked Questions about The Self Congruence and Conditions of Worth

Conditions of worth can explain several psychological issues such as low self-esteem and feelings of worthlessness.  

Conditions of worth are something that parents can impose on their children; they have to behave in a specific manner or meet conditions to receive their parents’ love and acceptance.

Carl Rogers said we have the real self and the ideal self. The real self is our self-image, how we view ourselves to be. The ideal self represents how we want to be. If our real and ideal self match, then congruence is achieved.

When our real self and ideal self match, congruence is achieved.  

Unconditional positive regard means that someone is loved and accepted regardless of what they do or whether they make mistakes. A child is loved even if they are sometimes naughty, do not listen, or behave in some other disapproving way.

Final The Self Congruence and Conditions of Worth Quiz

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What is the approach in psychology that deals with client-centred therapy?

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Roger’s theory is part of the humanistic approach.

In psychology, existential and phenomenological approach.

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What is considered a phenomenal field?

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Everything that we experience at some point is a phenomenal field.

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What is the phenomenal self?

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The phenomenal self is the part of the phenomenal field that someone experiences as I or the self.

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What does the self mean?



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The self, self-image and self-concept denote our personal identity.

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What is the client-centred approach based on?

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The theory is based on the Combs and Snygg (1949) personality theory from their book ‘Phenomenal field’.

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When did Roger’s theories begin gaining attraction?

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Rogers’ theories started to be well-known after Rogers’ book was released, ‘Client-Centered Therapy: Its Current Practice, Implications and Theory’ in 1951.

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Is client-centred therapy considered scientific?

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Rogers’ theory development was comprehensive and also empirical. He and his followers were able to apply a humanistic approach to conduct therapy and a scientific approach to evaluate the therapy outcomes.

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What are the other names given to client-centred therapy?

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Carl Rogers developed client-centred therapy, also known as person-centred therapy or Rogerian therapy.

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Client-centred therapy is a non-directive approach. What does that mean?

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Client-centred therapy is a non-directive approach, i.e., the therapist views their client as a guide source throughout their conflicts.

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What is the therapist's role in client-centred therapy?

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The therapist and client relationship play an essential role in the treatment, as the therapist shares empathy and unconditional positive regard with their clients.

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What is unconditional positive regard?

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Unconditional positive regard is the unconditional love and acceptance given to others, unconditionally. A person is accepted regardless of their actions.

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What is conditional regard?

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Conditional regard is accepting someone only if they meet certain conditions of worth.

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What Rogers considered are the essential components of client-centred therapy?

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According to Rogers, the essential components of client-centred therapy is congruence, empathy, and unconditional positive regard.

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What is the aim of client-centred therapy?

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The aim is to get self-actualisation, or a tendency to maintain and enhance the experience of the self. 

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What is self-actualisation?

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Self-actualisation is the desire to grow psychologically and fulfil our true potential.

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Why did Carl Rogers develop client-centred therapy?

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Carl Rogers developed client-centred therapy to minimise the gap between self-concept and ideal concept. He claimed that achieving a higher level of congruence is a positive sign of psychological resilience.

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What is the core of personality theory?

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The core of Rogers’ personality theory is the self-concept.

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What is the self?

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The self is who we truly are. Our identity or inner personality is also linked to the soul.

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According to Rogers, how is our personality shaped?

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Our experiences shape our self and how we perceive the experiences.

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What did Carl Rogers claim about achieving personal growth?

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Carl Rogers claimed that personal growth is achieved when someone’s self-concept or self-regard is in congruence with their ideal self.

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What is the ideal self?

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The ideal self is the idealisation of how we would like to be. It is the ideal image we have of ourselves.

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How is the ideal self constructed?

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The idealised image or self-construct develops over time, based on our knowledge and experiences.

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What does the self-constructed image we develop include?

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The ideal self could include lessons learned from our parents, the things we appreciate in others, and social rules.

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What approach in psychology is the term congruence concerned with?

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Congruence is a term in humanistic psychology used in person-centred therapy. Carl Rogers developed congruence.

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According to Carl Rogers, when do we achieve personal growth?

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According to Carl Rogers, when someone’s self-concept or self-regard is in congruence with their ideal self, personal growth is achieved.

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According to congruence theory, why would someone develop low self-esteem?

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When self-concept and ideal self are in congruence, the person's higher level of self-worth develops.

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What is the aim of person-centred therapy?

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Congruence is the aim of person-centred therapy.

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What is incongruence?

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Incongruence is like playing a role or saying something we don’t feel.

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When does incongruence happen?

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Incongruence happens if there is a discrepancy between the perceived self and the desired self.

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Can someone achieve self-actualisation when the person is incongruent?

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No, achieving self-actualisation will be an impossible mission.

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What is self-actualisation?

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Self-actualisation is the wish to grow psychologically and fulfil our true and full potential.

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What are conditions of worth?

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Conditions of worth are rules of behaviour that a person believes they must follow to be loved and accepted.

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How are conditions of worth developed?

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Conditions of worth are developed when we accept other people’s morals and ethics about ourselves or someone’s opinion about how we should be. When they have different views from our inner desires and beliefs, it opens up a conflict.

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When do conditions of worth happen?

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When we don’t examine our thoughts and behaviours, we are unaware of the differences between our beliefs and other people’s beliefs.

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How do we develop conditions of worth?

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When we receive unconditional positive regard, we develop conditions of worth.

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What is the definition of unconditional positive regard?

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Unconditional positive regard is positively praising someone; even when they do not achieve their aimed goals, they can still have done a good job.

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Outline one example of conditions of worth.

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If you don’t work hard in life, you won’t be successful.

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