Capital budgeting decisions require careful analysis because they are generally the most and decisions that management faces.
Capital budgeting decisions are the most difficult and risky.
Capital budgeting is defined as the process which analyzes the various long-term investments and decides which assets to acquire or sell.
The capital budgeting decisions require careful analysis because they are generally the most difficult and risky decisions that management faces.
They are difficult because they require predicting events that will not occur until well into future
These are risky because:
1. The outcome is uncertain
2. Large amount of money is involved
3. Long-term commitments
4. Difficult or impossible to reverse the decision
Retsa Company is considering an investment in technology to improve its operations. The investment will require an initial outlay of $800,000 and will yield the following expected cash flows. Management requires investments to have a payback period of two years, and it requires a 10% return on its investments.
Period Cash Flow
1 . . . . . . . . . . . . $450,000
2 . . . . . . . . . . . . 400,000
3 . . . . . . . . . . . . 350,000
4 . . . . . . . . . . . . 300,000
1. Determine the payback period for this investment. (Round the answer to one decimal.)
2. Determine the break-even time for this investment. (Round the answer to one decimal.)
3. Determine the net present value for this investment.
4. Should management invest in this project? Explain.
5. Compare your answers for parts 1 through 4 with those for Problem 24-5B. What are the causes of the differences in results and your conclusions?
Yokam Company is considering two alternative projects. Project 1 requires an initial investment of $400,000 and has a present value of cash flows of $1,100,000. Project 2 requires an initial investment of $4 million and has a present value of cash flows of $6 million. Compute the profitability index for each project. Based on the profitability index, which project should the company prefer? Explain.
Compute the payback period for each of these two separate investments (round the payback period to two decimals):
a. A new operating system for an existing machine is expected to cost $520,000 and have a useful life of six years. The system yields an incremental after-tax income of $150,000 each year after deducting its straight-line depreciation. The predicted salvage value of the system is $10,000.
b. A machine costs $380,000, has a $20,000 salvage value, is expected to last eight years, and will generate an after-tax income of $60,000 per year after straight-line depreciation.
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