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Financial & Managerial Accounting
Found in: Page 304
Financial & Managerial Accounting

Financial & Managerial Accounting

Book edition 7th
Author(s) John J Wild, Ken W. Shaw, Barbara Chiappetta
Pages 1096 pages
ISBN 9781259726705

Short Answer

Why should the person who keeps the records of an asset not be the person responsible for its custody?


The separate recordkeeping principle decreases the risk of theft of an asset because the individual with command over assets realizes that someone else keeps its records.

See the step by step solution

Step by Step Solution

Step-by-Step SolutionStep 1: Meaning of Internal Control System

The nature of business, size and activities varies from one organization to another, and these variables decide the necessity of internal control policies and procedures. Organizations rely upon their internal control system to deal with their business activities

Step 2: Explanation of above statement

Separation of custody from record keeping of a resource urges the asset custodian to abstain from misplacing, misappropriating, or wasting the asset. This arrangement makes agreement fundamental in the event that an asset is to be taken and the theft concealed in the records.

Most popular questions for Business-studies Textbooks

Chavez Company most recently reconciled its bank statement and book balances of cash on August 31 and it reported two checks outstanding, No. 5888 for $1,028.05 and No. 5893 for $494.25. The following information is available for its September 30, 2017, reconciliation.

From the September 30 Bank Statement 16,800.45 9,620.05 11,272.85 18,453.25 PREVIOUS BALANCE TOTAL CHECKS AND DEBITS TOTAL DEPOSITS AND CREDITS CURRENT BALANCE Date 09/03 09/04 09/07 09/20 09/17 09/22 09/22 09/28 09/29 CHECKS AND DEBITS DEPOSITS AND CREDITS 5888 1,028.05 09/05 1,103.75 No. Amount Date Amount 5902 719.90 09/12 2,226.90 5901 1,824.25 09/21 4,093.00 5905 937.00 09/30 12.50 IN 09/25 2,351.70 5903 399.10 09/30 1,485.00 CM 5904 5907 5909 2,090.00 213.85 1,807.65

From Chavez Company’s Accounting Records Cash Acct. No. 101 Date Explanation PR Debit Credit Balance Aug. 31 Balance 15,278.15 Sep. 30 Total receipts R12 11,458.10 26,736.25 30 Total disbursements D23 9,332.05 17,404.20 Cash Receipts Deposited Cash Date Debit Sep. 5 1,103.75 12 2,226.90 21 4,093.00 25 2,351.70 30 1,682.75 11,458.10 Cash Disbursements Check Cash No. Credit 5901 1,824.25 5902 719.90 5903 399.10 5904 2,060.00 5905 937.00 5906 982.30 5907 213.85 5908 388.00 5909 1,807.65 9,332.05

Additional Information

Check No. 5904 is correctly drawn for $2,090 to pay for computer equipment; however, the recordkeeper misread the amount and entered it in the accounting records with a debit to Computer Equipment and a credit to Cash of $2,060. The NSF check shown in the statement was originally received from a customer, S. Nilson, in payment of her account. Its return has not yet been recorded by the company. The credit memorandum (CM) is from the collection of a $1,500 note for Chavez Company by the bank. The bank deducted a $15 collection expense. The collection and fee are not yet recorded.


2. Prepare the journal entries (in dollars and cents) to adjust the book balance of cash to the reconciled balance.


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