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Foundations Of Financial Management
Found in: Page 79
Foundations Of Financial Management

Foundations Of Financial Management

Book edition 16th
Author(s) Stanley B. Block, Geoffrey A. Hirt, Bartley Danielsen
Pages 768 pages
ISBN 9781259277160

Short Answer

The Haines Corp. shows the following financial data for 20X1 and 20X2:

20X1

20X2

Sales

$3,230,000

$3,370,000

Cost of goods sold

2,130,000

2,850,000

Gross profits

$1,100,000

$520,000

Selling and administrative expenses

298,000

227,000

Operating profits

$802,000

$293,000

Interest expense

47,200

51,600

Income before taxes

$754,800

$241,400

Taxes (35%)

264,180

84,490

Income after tax

$490,620

$156,910

For each year, compute the following and indicate whether it is increasing or

decreasing profitability in 20X2 as indicated by the ratio:

a. Cost of goods sold to sales.

The cost of goods sold to sales for 20X1 and 20X2 are 65.94% and 84.57%, respectively. It is increased by 18.63%.

See the step by step solution

Step by Step Solution

Cost of goods sold to sales for the year 20X1

Cost of goods sold to sales for the year 20X2

Change in cost of goods sold to sale ratio

Most popular questions for Business-studies Textbooks

For December 31, 20X1, the balance sheet of Baxter Corporation was as follows:

Current assets

Liabilities

Cash

$15,000

Accounts payable

$17,000

Accounts receivable

20,000

Notes payable

25,000

Inventory

30,000

Bonds payable

55,000

Prepaid expenses

12,500

Fixed assets

Stockholder’s equity

Plant and equipment (gross)

Less: accumulated depreciation

$255,000

51,000

Preferred stock

$25,000

Net plant and equipment

$204,000

Common stock

60,000

Paid in capital

30,000

Retained earnings

69,500

Total assets

$281,500

Total liabilities and stockholder’s equity

$281,500

Sales for 20X2 were $245,000, and the cost of goods sold was 60 percent of sales. Selling and administrative expense was $24,500. Depreciation expense was 8 percent of plant and equipment (gross) at the beginning of the year. Interest expense for the notes payable was 10 percent, while the interest rate on the bonds payable was 12 percent. This interest expense is based on December 31, 20X1 balances. The tax rate averaged 20 percent.

$2,500 in preferred stock dividends were paid, and $5,500 in dividends were paid to common stockholders. There were 10,000 shares of common stock outstanding.

During 20X2, the cash balance and prepaid expenses balances were

unchanged. Accounts receivable and inventory increased by 10 percent. A new machine was purchased on December 31, 20X2, at a cost of $40,000. Accounts payable increased by 20 percent. Notes payable increased by $6,500 and bonds payable decreased by $12,500, both at the end of the year. The preferred stock, common stock, and paid-in capital in excess of par accounts did not change.

a. Prepare an income statement for 20X2.

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