What is the purpose of serial repayments and sinking funds? (LO16-1)
The purpose of serial payments is to make payments in installments, whereas sinking funds keep aside the funds to retire the debts.
Retirement of bonds refers to the stage where the corporations repay their bondholders when they reach maturity date.
The primary purpose of serial repayments is to make payments in installments to the bondholders over the life of the issue.
In contrast, the debts are retired under sinking funds through semiannual or annual contributions made by the corporations into a fund formed explicitly for debt retirement.
Question: The Bowman Corporation has a $18 million bond obligation outstanding, which it is considering refunding. Though the bonds were initially issued at 10 percent, the interest rates on similar issues have declined to 8.5 percent. The bonds were originally issued for 20 years and have 10 years remaining. The new issue would be for 10 years. There is a 9 percent call premium on the old issue. The underwriting cost on the new $18,000,000 issue is $530,000, and the underwriting cost on the old issue was $380,000. The company is in a 35 percent tax bracket, and it will use an 8 percent discount rate (rounded after-tax cost of debt) to analyze the refunding decision.
d. Should the old issue be refunded with new debt?
The Presley Corporation is about to go public. It currently has after-tax earnings of $7,200,000, and 2,100,000 shares are owned by the present stockholders (the Presley family). The new public issue will represent 800,000 new shares. The new shares will be priced to the public at $25 per share, with a 5 percent spread on the offering price. There will also be $260,000 in out-of-pocket costs to the corporation.
d. Determine what rate of return must be earned on the net proceeds to the corporation so there will not be a dilution in earnings per share during the year of going public.
Midland Corporation has a net income of $19 million and 4 million shares outstanding. Its common stock is currently selling for $48 per share. Midland plans to sell common stock to set up a major new production facility with a net cost of $21,120,000. The production facility will not produce a profit for one year, and then it is expected to earn a 13 percent return on the investment. Stanley Morgan and Co., an investment banking firm, plans to sell the issue to the public for $44 per share with a spread of 4 percent.
d. Compute the EPS and the price (P/E stays constant) after the new production facility begins to produce a profit.
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