Question: The Bowman Corporation has a $18 million bond obligation outstanding, which it is considering refunding. Though the bonds were initially issued at 10 percent, the interest rates on similar issues have declined to 8.5 percent. The bonds were originally issued for 20 years and have 10 years remaining. The new issue would be for 10 years. There is a 9 percent call premium on the old issue. The underwriting cost on the new $18,000,000 issue is $530,000, and the underwriting cost on the old issue was $380,000. The company is in a 35 percent tax bracket, and it will use an 8 percent discount rate (rounded after-tax cost of debt) to analyze the refunding decision.
b. Calculate the present value of total inflows.
The present value of total inflows is $1,199,497.
Bond obligation = 18,000,000
Interest rate at the time of issue = 10%
Interest rate after decline = 8.5%
Time = 20 years
Time remaining of bonds = 10 years
Call premium on old issue =9%
Underwriting cost of new issue =$530,000
Underwriting cost on old issue = $380,000
Discount rate = 8%
Tax rate = 35%
The present value of interest savings is $1,177,619.
The present value of gain on the underwriting cost is $21,878.
The present value of inflows is $1,199,497.
The Presley Corporation is about to go public. It currently has after-tax earnings of $7,200,000, and 2,100,000 shares are owned by the present stockholders (the Presley family). The new public issue will represent 800,000 new shares. The new shares will be priced to the public at $25 per share, with a 5 percent spread on the offering price. There will also be $260,000 in out-of-pocket costs to the corporation.
e. Determine what rate of return must be earned on the proceeds to the corporation so there will be a 5 percent increase in earnings per share during the year of going public.
Walton and Company is the managing investment banker for a major new underwriting. The price of the stock to the investment banker is $23 per share. Other syndicate members may buy the stock for $24.25. The price to the selected dealers group is $24.80, with a price to brokers of $25.20. Finally, the price to the public is $29.50.
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