Guardian Inc. is trying to develop an asset financing plan. The firm has $400,000 in temporary current assets and $300,000 in permanent current assets. Guardian also has $500,000 in fixed assets. Assume a tax rate of 40 percent.
a. Construct two alternative financing plans for Guardian. One of the plans should be conservative, with 75 percent of assets financed by long-term sources, and the other should be aggressive, with only 56.25 percent of assets financed by long-term sources. The current interest rate is 15 percent on long-term funds and 10 percent on short-term financing.
The interest expense in the conservative approach will be $165,000 and $153,750 in the aggressive approach.
The following information is provided:
Temporary current assets =$400,000
Permanent current assets =$300,000
Fixed assets =$500,000
Total assets =$1,200,000
Tax rate = 40%
The interest expense will be $165,000.
The interest expense will be $153,750.
Fast Turnstiles Co. is evaluating the extension of credit to a new group of customers. Although these customers will provide $180,000 in additional credit sales, 12 percent are likely to be uncollectible. The company will also incur $16,200 in additional collection expense. Production and marketing costs represent 72 percent of sales. The firm is in a 34 percent tax bracket and has a receivables turnover of four times. No other asset build-up will be required to service the new customers. The firm has a 10 percent desired return.
b. Calculate the incremental income after taxes and the return on incremental investment if 15 percent of the new sales prove to be uncollectible. Should credit be extended if 15 percent of the new sales prove uncollectible?
Henderson Office Supply is considering a more liberal credit policy to increase sales, but expects that 9 percent of the new accounts will be uncollectible. Collection costs are 6 percent of new sales, production and selling costs are 74 percent, and accounts receivable turnover is four times. Assume income taxes of 20 percent and an increase in sales of $65,000. No other asset build-up will be required to service the new accounts.
e. Given the income determined in part b and the investment determined in part d, should Henderson extend more liberal credit terms?
Lear Inc. has $840,000 in current assets, $370,000 of which are considered permanent current assets. In addition, the firm has $640,000 invested in fixed assets.
a. Lear wishes to finance all fixed assets and half of its permanent current assets with long-term financing costing 8 percent. The balance will be financed with short-term financing, which currently costs 7 percent. Lear’s earnings before interest and taxes are $240,000. Determine Lear’s earnings after taxes under this financing plan. The tax rate is 30 percent.
Esquire Products Inc. expects the following monthly sales:
Total annual sales
Cash sales are 40 percent in a given month, with the remainder going into accounts receivable. All receivables are collected in the month following the sale. Esquire sells all of its goods for $2 each and produces them for $1 each. Esquire uses level production, and average monthly production is equal to annual production divided by 12.
c. Determine a cash payments schedule for January through December. The production costs ($1 per unit produced) are paid for in the month in which they occur. Other cash payments (besides those for production costs) are $7,400 per month.
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