Indicate the effects of the following business transactions on the accounting equation of Vivian’s Online Video store. Transaction (a) is answered as a guide. a. Received cash of $10,000 from issuance of common stock. Answer: Increase asset (Cash); Increase equity (Common Stock) b. Earned video rental revenue on account, $2,800. c. Purchased office furniture on account, $300. d. Received cash on account, $400. e. Paid cash on account, $100. f. Rented videos and received cash of $200. g. Paid monthly office rent of $1,000. h. Paid $100 cash to purchase office supplies
(a) Increase asset (Cash); Increase equity (Common Stock)
(b) Increase asset (Accounts Receivable); Increase equity (Rental Revenue)
(c) Increase asset (Furniture); Increase liability (Accounts Payable)
(d) Increase asset (Cash);Decrease asset (Accounts Receivable)
(e) Decrease asset (Cash); Decrease liability (Accounts Payable)
(f) Increase asset (Cash); Increase equity (Rental Revenue)
(g) Decrease asset (Cash), Decrease equity (Rent Expense)
(h) Increase asset (Office Supplies);Decrease asset (Cash)
As per the accounting equation general rule, the left side of the equation represents the assets, and the right side of the equation represents liabilities and equity.
Assets are resources that are owned by the business.
Liabilities are the debts or obligations of the entity.
Equity represents the claim of the owners on the assets of the entity.
Pretty Pictures works weddings and prom-type parties. The balance of Retained Earnings was $20,000 at December 31, 2017. At December 31, 2018, the business’s accounting records show these balances: Insurance Expense $ 6,000 Accounts Receivable $ 5,000 Cash 42,000 Notes Payable 10,000 Accounts Payable 13,000 Retained Earnings, Dec. 31, 2018 ? Advertising Expense 4,500 Salaries Expense 30,000 Service Revenue 115,000 Equipment 85,500 Dividends 13,000 Common Stock 28,000 Prepare the following financial statements for Pretty Pictures for the year ended December 31, 2018: a. Income statement. b. Statement of retained earnings. c. Balance sheet
Let’s examine a case using Greg’s Tunes and Sal’s Silly Songs. It is now the end of the first year of operations, and the stockholders want to know how well each business came out at the end of the year. Neither business kept complete accounting records, and no dividends were paid. The businesses throw together the data shown on the next page at year-end: $ 23,000 8,000 35,000 22,000 $ 10,000 6,000 44,000 9,000 Total Assets Common Stock Total Revenues Total Expenses Greg’s Tunes: Sal’s Silly Songs: Total Liabilities Common Stock Total Expenses Net Income To gain information for evaluating the businesses, the stockholders ask you several questions. For each answer, you must show your work to convince the stockholders that you know what you are talking about. Requirements 1. Which business has more assets?
Presented here are the accounts of Pembroke Bookkeeping Company for the year ended December 31, 2018: Land $ 10,000 Common Stock $ 29,000 Notes Payable 31,000 Accounts Payable 7,000 Property Tax Expense 3,100 Accounts Receivable 1,200 Dividends 28,000 Advertising Expense 12,000 Rent Expense 7,000 Building 147,400 Salaries Expense 64,000 Cash 2,800 Salaries Payable 800 Equipment 15,000 Service Revenue 192,000 Insurance Expense 1,700 Office Supplies 12,000 Interest Expense 6,600 Retained Earnings, Dec. 31, 2017 51,000 Requirements 1. Prepare Pembroke Bookkeeping Company’s income statement. 2. Prepare the statement of retained earnings. 3. Prepare the balance sheet
Match each example with a component of a computerized accounting information system. Components may be used more than once.
|1. Server||a. Source documents and input devices|
|2. Bank checks||b. Processing and storage|
|3. Reports||c. Outputs|
|6. Financial statement|
|7. Bar code scanner|
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