On July 5, Williams Company recorded sales of merchandise inventory on account, $55,000. The sales were subject to sales tax of 4%. On August 15, Williams Company paid the sales tax owed to the state from the July 5 transaction. Requirements 1. Journalize the transaction to record the sale on July 5. Ignore cost of goods sold. 2. Journalize the transaction to record the payment of sales tax to the state on August 15.
First-in-first-out, last-in-first-out, and weighted average are the three various inventory procedures that a merchandiser might use to track their market.
Sales tax payable
(To record Account receivable and the related sales tax)
Sales tax payable
(To record account payable for sales tax.)
Theodore Simpson works for Blair Company all year and earns a monthly salary of $4,000. There is no overtime pay.
Based on Theodore’s W-4, Blair withholds income taxes at 15% of his gross pay. As of July 31, Theodore had $28,000 ofcumulative earnings.
Journalize the accrual of salary expense for Blair Company related to the employment of Theodore Simpson for the month ofAugust.
On August 10, Swanson Company recorded sales of merchandise inventory on account, $4,000. The sales were subject to sales tax of 4%. The company uses the perpetual inventory system. On September 30, Swanson paid $500 of sales tax to the state.
1. Journalize the transaction to record the sale on August 10. Ignore cost of goods sold.
Golden Bear Construction operates throughout California. The owner, Gaylan Beavers, employs 15 work crews. Construction supervisors report directly to Beavers, and the supervisors are trusted employees. The home office staff consists of an accountant and an office manager.
Because employee turnover is high in the construction industry, supervisors hire and fire their own crews. Supervisors notify the office of all personnel changes. Also, supervisors forward the employee W-4 forms to the home office. Each Thursday, the supervisors submit weekly time sheets for their crews, and the accountant prepares the payroll. At noon on Friday, the supervisors come to the office to get paychecks for distribution to the workers at 5 p.m.
The company accountant prepares the payroll, including the paychecks. Beavers signs all paychecks. To verify that each construction worker is a bona fide employee, the accountant matches the employee’s endorsement signature on the back of the canceled paycheck with the signature on that employee’s W-4 form.
Discuss a control feature that the company can use to safeguard against the fraud you identified in Requirement 1.
Watson Publishing completed the following transactions during 2018: Oct. 1 Sold a six-month subscription (starting on November 1), collecting cash of $240, plus sales tax of 8%. Nov. 15 Remitted (paid) the sales tax to the state of Tennessee. Dec. 31 Made the necessary adjustment at year-end to record the amount of subscription revenue earned during the year. Journalize the transactions (explanations are not required). Round to the nearest dollar.
This problem continues the Canyon Canoe Company situation from Chapter 10. Amber and Zack Wilson are continuing their analysis of the company’s position and believe the company will need to borrow $15,000 in order to expand operations. They consult Rivers Nation Bank and secure a 6%, one-year note on September 1, 2019, with interest due at maturity. Additionally, the company hires an employee, John Vance, on September 1. John will receive a salary of $3,000 per month. Payroll deductions include federal income tax at 25%, OASDI at 6.2%, Medicare at 1.45%, and monthly health insurance premium of $250. The company will incur matching FICA taxes, FUTA tax at 0.6%, and SUTA tax at 5.4%. Round calculations to two decimals. Omit explanations on journal entries.
Record the entry Canyon Canoe Company would make to record the payment to the bank on September 1, 2020.
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