The general ledger of Prompt Ship at June 30, 2018, the end of the company’s fiscal year, includes the following account balances before payroll and adjusting entries.
Accounts Payable $ 118,000
Interest Payable 0
Salaries Payable 0
Employee Income Taxes Payable 0
FICA—OASDI Taxes Payable 0
FICA—Medicare Taxes Payable 0
Federal Unemployment Taxes Payable 0
State Unemployment Taxes Payable 0
Unearned Rent Revenue 5,400
Long-term Notes Payable 198,000
The additional data needed to develop the payroll and adjusting entries at June 30 areas follows:
a. The long-term debt is payable in annual installments of $39,600, with the next installment due on July 31. On that date, Prompt Ship will also pay one year’s interest at 10%. Interest was paid on July 31 of the preceding year. Make the adjusting entry to accrue interest expense at year-end.
b. Gross unpaid salaries for the last payroll of the fiscal year were $4,800. Assume that employee income taxes withheld are $920 and that all earnings are subject to OASDI.
c. Record the associated employer taxes payable for the last payroll of the fiscal year,$4,800. Assume that the earnings are not subject to unemployment compensation taxes
d. On February 1, the company collected one year’s rent of $5,400 in advance.
1. Using T-accounts, open the listed accounts and insert the unadjusted June 30balances.
2. Journalize and post the June 30 payroll and adjusting entries to the accounts thatyou opened. Identify each adjusting entry by letter. Round to the nearest dollar.
3. Prepare the current liabilities section of the balance sheet at June 30, 2018.
Total Adjusted current liability:$ 130,278
Golden Bear Construction operates throughout California. The owner, Gaylan Beavers, employs 15 work crews. Construction supervisors report directly to Beavers, and the supervisors are trusted employees. The home office staff consists of an accountant and an office manager.
Because employee turnover is high in the construction industry, supervisors hire and fire their own crews. Supervisors notify the office of all personnel changes. Also, supervisors forward the employee W-4 forms to the home office. Each Thursday, the supervisors submit weekly time sheets for their crews, and the accountant prepares the payroll. At noon on Friday, the supervisors come to the office to get paychecks for distribution to the workers at 5 p.m.
The company accountant prepares the payroll, including the paychecks. Beavers signs all paychecks. To verify that each construction worker is a bona fide employee, the accountant matches the employee’s endorsement signature on the back of the canceled paycheck with the signature on that employee’s W-4 form.
Discuss a control feature that the company can use to safeguard against the fraud you identified in Requirement 1.
Watson Publishing completed the following transactions during 2018: Oct. 1 Sold a six-month subscription (starting on November 1), collecting cash of $240, plus sales tax of 8%. Nov. 15 Remitted (paid) the sales tax to the state of Tennessee. Dec. 31 Made the necessary adjustment at year-end to record the amount of subscription revenue earned during the year. Journalize the transactions (explanations are not required). Round to the nearest dollar.
The following transactions of Plymouth Pharmacies occurred during 2017 and 2018:
Jan. 9 Purchased computer equipment at a cost of $12,000, signing a six-month, 9% note payable for that amount.
29 Recorded the week’s sales of $63,000, three-fourths on credit and onefourth for cash. Sales amounts are subject to a 6% state sales tax. Ignore cost of goods sold.
Feb. 5 Sent the last week’s sales tax to the state.
Jul. 9 Paid the six-month, 9% note, plus interest, at maturity.
Aug. 31 Purchased merchandise inventory for $9,000, signing a six-month, 10% note payable. The company uses the perpetual inventory system.
Dec. 31 Accrued warranty expense, which is estimated at 4% of sales of $609,000.
31 Accrued interest on all outstanding notes payable.
Feb. 28 Paid the six-month 10% note, plus interest, at maturity.
Journalize the transactions in Plymouth’s general journal. Explanations are not required. Round to the nearest dollar.
Hugh Stanley manages a Dairy House drive-in. His straight-time pay is $12 per hour, with time-and-a-half for hours in excess of 40 per week. Stanley’s payroll deductions include withheld income tax of 20%, FICA tax, and a weekly deduction of $5 for a charitable contribution to United Way. Stanley worked 58 hours during the week.
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