Computing cost of goods sold, manufacturing company
Use the following information to calculate the cost of goods sold for The Ellis Company for the month of June:
Finished Goods Inventory:
Beginning Balance $ 30,000
Ending Balance 10,000
Cost of Goods Manufactured 165,000
The cost of goods sold is computed as $185,000
The finished goods are defined as goods which converted to the end product from the raw materials.
Costs of goods solds=Begining balance+Cost of goods manufacture-Ending balance
Identifying ethical standards
The Institute of Management Accountants’ Statement of Ethical Professional Practice requires managerial accountants to meet standards regarding competence, confidentiality, integrity, and credibility. Consider the following situations. Which standard(s) is(are) violated in each situation?
d. You failed to read the detailed specifications of a new accounting software package that you asked your company to purchase. After it is installed, you are surprised that it is incompatible with some of your company’s older accounting software.
Computing cost of goods sold and operating income, merchandising company
Consider the following partially completed income statements for merchandising companies and compute the missing amounts:
Smith, Inc. Allen, Inc.
Net Sales Revenue $ 101,000 $ (d )
Cost of Goods Sold:
Beginning Merchandise Inventory (a) 29,000
Purchases and Freight In 50,000 (e)
Cost of Goods Available for Sale (b) 89,000
Ending Merchandise Inventory (2,200) (2,200)
Cost of Goods Sold 61,000 (f)
Gross Profit 40,000 114,000
Selling and Administrative Expenses (c ) 84,000
Operating Income $ 12,000 $ (g)
Comparing managerial accounting and financial accounting
Match the following terms to the appropriate statement. Some terms may be used more than once, and some terms may not be used at all.
a. Accounting systems that must follow GAAP.
b. External parties for whom financial accounting reports are prepared.
c. The role managers play when they are monitoring day-to-day operations and keeping the company on track.
d. Internal decision makers.
e. Accounting system that provides information on a company’s past performance.
f. Accounting system not restricted by GAAP.
g. The management function that involves choosing goals and deciding how to achieve them
Power Switch, Inc. designs and manufactures switches used in telecommunications. Serious flooding throughout North Carolina affected Power Switch’s facilities. Inventory was completely ruined, and the company’s computer system, including all accounting records, was destroyed.
Before the disaster recovery specialists clean the buildings, Stephen Plum, the company controller, is anxious to salvage whatever records he can to support an insurance claim for the destroyed inventory. He is standing in what is left of the accounting department with Paul Lopez, the cost accountant.
“I didn’t know mud could smell so bad,” Paul says. “What should I be looking for?”
“Don’t worry about beginning inventory numbers,” responds Stephen, “we’ll get them from last year’s annual report. We need first-quarter cost data.”
“I was working on the first-quarter results just before the storm hit,” Paul says. “Look, my report is still in my desk drawer. All I can make out is that for the first quarter, direct material purchases were $476,000 and direct labor, manufacturing overhead, and total manufacturing costs to account for were $505,000, $245,000, and $1,425,000, respectively. Wait! Cost of goods available for sale was $1,340,000.”
“Great,” says Stephen. “I remember that sales for the period were approximately $1,700,000. Given our gross profit of 30%, that’s all you should need.”
Paul is not sure about that but decides to see what he can do with this information. The beginning inventory numbers were:
• Direct Materials, $113,000
• Work-in-Process, $229,000
• Finished Goods, $154,000
1. Prepare a schedule showing each inventory account and the increases and decreases to each account. Use it to determine the ending inventories of Direct Materials, Work-in-Process, and Finished Goods.
2. Itemize a list of the cost of inventory lost.
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