Identifying product costs and period costs Classify each cost of a paper manufacturer as either a product cost or a period cost:
g. Depreciation on the manufacturing plant.
The depreciation of the manufacturing plant comes under the product cost.
Depreciation is defined as the method of allocating the cost of an asset to its useful life.
The correct option is Product cost.
The company has charged the depreciation of the manufacturing plant, which is used for the manufacturing process. So, it makes the depreciation of the manufacturing plant a product cost.
Making ethical decisions
Sue Peters is the controller at Vroom, a car dealership. Dale Miller recently has been hired as the bookkeeper. Dale wanted to attend a class in Excel spreadsheets, so Sue temporarily took over Dale’s duties, including overseeing a fund used for gas purchases before test drives. Sue found a shortage in the fund and confronted Dale when he returned to work. Dale admitted that he occasionally uses the fund to pay for his own gas. Sue estimated the shortage at $450.
Requirements 1. What should Sue Peters do?
Winnebago Industries, Inc. is a leading manufacturer of recreational vehicles (RVs), including motorized and towable products. The company designs, develops, manufactures, and markets RVs as well as supporting products and services. The RVs are sold to consumers through a dealer network. On the August 29, 2015, balance sheet, Winnebago reported inventory of approximately $112 million. Of this amount, approximately $12 million, about 11%, was Finished Goods Inventory (Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, Note 3). Suppose Winnebago motor homes have an average sales price of $96,000 and cost of goods sold is 89% of sales. Thor Industries, Inc., a major competitor, has an average cost of goods sold of 86% of sales. For year ending August 29, 2015, Winnebago sold 9,097 motor homes (Form 10-K, Item 1 Business).
1. Why would the Finished Goods Inventory be such a relatively small portion of total inventory?
2. What is the average cost of goods sold (in dollars) for a Winnebago motor home? What is the average gross profit?
3. If Winnebago could reduce production costs so that the average cost of goods sold is equal to their competitor’s average cost of goods sold, how much more profit would Winnebago earn on each motor home sold?
4. Based on 2015 sales, how much would operating income increase if the company reduced the average cost of goods sold to equal their competitor’s average cost of goods sold?
5. How could managers at Winnebago use managerial accounting to reduce costs and increase profits?
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