Determine whether the following bonds payable will be issued at face value, at a premium, or at a discount:
3. A 10% bonds payable is issued when the market interest rate is 8%.
4. A 10% bonds payable is issued when the market interest rate is 10%.
5. A 10% bonds payable is issued when the market interest rate is 12%.
A bond issued at a discount is less than its face value.
The bonds are the type of long-term liabilities because a company issues these to fulfil its long-term money needs. Generally, bonds are issued by large size companies.
3. The following bonds are issued at a discount because the market interest rate of the bonds is less than the face value interest rate. Hence, these bonds are issued at a discount.
4. The following bonds are issued at face value because the market interest rate of the bonds and the face value interest rate of the bonds are the same. Hence, these bonds are issued at face value.
5. The following bonds are issued at a premium because the market interest rate is more than the face value of the bonds. Hence, the given bonds are issued at a premium.
Analyzing alternative plans to raise money
SB Electronics is considering two plans for raising $4,000,000 to expand operations.
Plan A is to issue 9% bonds payable, and plan B is to issue 500,000 shares of common
stock. Before any new financing, SB Electronics has net income of $350,000 and
300,000 shares of common stock outstanding. Management believes the company can
use the new funds to earn additional income of $700,000 before interest and taxes.
The income tax rate is 30%. Analyze the SB Electronics situation to determine which
plan will result in higher earnings per share. Use Exhibit 12-6 as a guide.
Retiring bonds payable before maturity
CoastalView Magazine issued $600,000 of 15-year, 5% callable bonds payable on July31, 2018, at 94. On July 31, 2021, CoastalViewcalled the bonds at 101. Assume annualinterest payments.
1. Without making journal entries, compute the carrying amount of the bonds payableat July 31, 2021.
2. Assume all amortization has been recorded properly. Journalize the retirement ofthe bonds on July 31, 2021. No explanation is required.
Analyzing and journalizing bond transactions
On January 1, 2018, Educators Credit Union (ECU) issued 8%, 20-year bonds payable with face value of $1,000,000. These bonds pay interest on June 30 and December 31. The issue price of the bonds is 109.Journalize the following bond transactions:
a. Issuance of the bonds on January 1, 2018.
b. Payment of interest and amortization on June 30, 2018.
c. Payment of interest and amortization on December 31, 2018.
d. Retirement of the bond at maturity on December 31, 2037, assuming the last interest payment has already been recorded.
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