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Q38PGA

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Horngren'S Financial And Managerial Accounting
Found in: Page 665

Short Answer

Determining the present value of bonds payable and journalizing using the effective-interest amortization method Relaxation, Inc. is authorized to issue 7%, 10-year bonds payable. On January 1, 2018, when the market interest rate is 12%, the company issues $300,000 of the bonds. The bonds pay interest semiannually.

Requirements

1. How much cash did the company receive upon issuance of the bonds payable? (Round to the nearest dollar.)

2. Prepare an amortization table for the bond using the effective-interest method, through the first two interest payments (Round to the nearest dollar.)

3. Journalize the issuance of the bonds on January 1, 2018, and the first and second payments of the semiannual interest amount and amortization of the bonds on June 30, 2018, and December 31, 2018. Explanations are not required.

The present value of the principal is $93,540.

See the step by step solution

Step by Step Solution

Step 1: Definition of bonds

The bonds are a long-term liability that the company issues to fulfill the need for a large amount of money.

Step 2: Calculation of cash received upon the issuance

To calculate the cash acquired upon the issuance of the bonds, all the present value of the principal and the current value of the interest are calculated.

Hence, the cash received on the issue of the bonds is $213,974.

Step 3: Preparation of amortization schedule

Date

Interest Expense

Cash Paid

Amortization Amount

Carrying Amount

01-01-2018

$213,974

30-06-2018

$12,838

$10,500

$2,338

$216,912

31-12-2018

$12,979

$10,500

$2,479

$218,791

Step 4: Necessary journal entries

Date

Particulars

Debit

Credit

January 1, 2018

Cash

$213,974

Discount on Bonds Payable

$86,026

Bonds Payable

$300,000

(Being entry for the issue of the bonds)

June 30, 2018

Interest Expense

$12,838

Discount on Bonds Payable

$2,338

Cash

$10,500

(Being entry for the payment of interest)

December 31, 2018

Interest Expense

$12,979

Discount on Bonds Payable

$2,479

Cash

$10,500

(Being entry for the payment of interest)

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