When might it be beneficial for a company to use the FIFO method? When is the weighted-average method more practical?
The FIFO method is beneficial when the cost changes significantly, and the weighted average method is beneficial when the cost is not changing significantly.
Inventory valuation can be done by First in, first out, last-in, first-out, or the weighted average method. Each method gives a different inventory valuation. Generally, most companies use the FIFO method.
The FIFO method is more useful in companies working in an industry where cost changes significantly.
The weighted average method is beneficial when the business operates in an industry that does not experience significant cost change.
Question: Refer to the data in Short Exercise S18-8 and your results for equivalent units of production. The Mixing Department of Complete Foods has direct materials costs of $46,500 and conversion costs of $23,540 for October.
Compute the cost per equivalent unit of production for direct materials and for
Preparing a production cost report, second department, with beginning WIP and transferred in costs; journal entries; FIFO method Work Problem P18-40B using the FIFO method. The Mixing Department beginning work in process of 400 units is 80% complete as to both direct materials and conversion costs. Round equivalent unit costs to four decimal places. Round all other costs to the nearest dollar.
Cheerful Colors manufactures crayons in a three-step process: mixing, molding, and packaging. The Mixing Department combines the direct materials of paraffin wax and pigments. The heated mixture is pumped to the Molding Department, where it is poured into molds. After the molds cool, the crayons are removed from the molds and are transferred to the Packaging Department, where paper wrappers are added and the crayons are boxed.
In the Mixing Department, the direct materials are added at the beginning of the
process and the conversion costs are incurred evenly throughout the process. Work in process of the Mixing Department on March 1, 2018, consisted of 800 batches of crayons that were 10% of the way through the production process. The beginning balance in Work-in-Process Inventory—Mixing was $32,800, which consisted of $14,000 in direct materials costs and $18,800 in conversion costs. During March, 5,200 batches were started in production. The Mixing Department transferred 3,000 batches to the Molding Department in March, and 3,000 were still in process on March 31. This ending inventory was 80% of the way through the mixing process. Cheerful Colors uses FIFO process costing.
At March 31, before recording the transfer of costs from the Mixing Department
to the Molding Department, the Cheerful Colors general ledger included the following account:
Work-in-process inventory – Mixing
Balance, March 1
1. Prepare a production cost report for the Mixing Department for March. Round
equivalent unit of production costs to four decimal places. Round all other costs to the nearest whole dollar.
2. Journalize all transactions affecting the Mixing Department during March, including the entries that have already been posted. Assume labor costs are accrued and not yet paid.
94% of StudySmarter users get better grades.Sign up for free