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Horngren'S Financial And Managerial Accounting
Found in: Page 90

Short Answer

What is a T-account? On which side is the debit? On which side is the credit? Where does the account name go on a T-account?

T-account is a shortened format of the ledger. The left side is debit and the right side is credit. The name goes on the top of T shape.

See the step by step solution

Step by Step Solution

Definition of T-Account

The ledger account in the shortened format is known as the T-Account. The accounts are prepared in the form of the letter T.

Debit side and credit side

The left side of the T-account is known as the debit side and the right side of the T-account is known as the credit side.

Account name on T-account

The name on the T-account just goes above the letter T.

Most popular questions for Business-studies Textbooks

Journalizing transactions, posting to T-accounts, and preparing a trial balance

Problem P2-42 continues with the company introduced in Chapter 1, Canyon Canoe Company. Here you will account for Canyon Canoe Company’s transactions as it is actually done in practice. Begin by reviewing the transactions from Chapter 1. The transactions have been reprinted below.

Nov. 1 Received $16,000 cash to begin the company and issued common stock to Amber and Zach.

2 Signed a lease for a building and paid $1,200 for the first month’s rent.

3 Purchased canoes for $4,800 on account.

4 Purchased office supplies on account, $750.

7 Earned $1,400 cash for rental of canoes.

13 Paid $1,500 cash for wages.

15 Paid $50 dividends to stockholders.

16 Received a bill for $150 for utilities. (Use separate payable account.)

20 Received a bill for $175 for cell phone expenses. (Use separate payable account.)

22 Rented canoes to Early Start Daycare on account, $3,000.

26 Paid $1,000 on account related to the November 3 purchase.

28 Received $750 from Early Start Daycare for canoe rental on November 22.

30 Paid $100 dividends to stockholders

In addition, Canyon Canoe Company completed the following transactions for December.

Dec. 1 Amber and Zack contributed land on the river (worth $85,000) and a small building to use as a rental office (worth $35,000) in exchange for common stock.

1 Prepaid $3,000 for three months’ rent on the warehouse where the company stores the canoes.

2 Purchased canoes signing a note payable for $7,200

4 Purchased office supplies on account for $500.

9 Received $4,500 cash for canoe rentals to customers.

15 Rented canoes to customers for $3,500, but will be paid next month.

16 Received a $750 deposit from a canoe rental group that will use the canoes next month.

18 Paid the utilities and telephone bills from last month.

19 Paid various accounts payable, $2,000.

20 Received bills for the telephone ($325) and utilities ($295) which will be paid later.

31 Paid wages of $1,800. 31 Paid cash dividend to stockholders, $300.

Requirements

1. Journalize the transactions for both November and December, using the following accounts: Cash; Accounts Receivable; Office Supplies; Prepaid Rent; Land; Building; Canoes; Accounts Payable; Utilities Payable; Telephone Payable; Unearned Revenue; Notes Payable; Common Stock; Dividends; Canoe Rental Revenue; Rent Expense; Utilities Expense; Wages Expense; and Telephone Expense. Explanations are not required. (Hint: For November transactions, refer to your answer for Chapter 1.)

2. Open a T-account for each of the accounts.

3. Post the journal entries to the T-accounts, and calculate account balances. Formal posting references are not required.

4. Prepare a trial balance as of December 31, 2018.

5. Prepare the income statement of Canyon Canoe Company for the two months ended December 31, 2018.

6. Prepare the statement of retained earnings for the two months ended December 31, 2018.

7. Prepare the balance sheet as of December 31, 2018.

8. Calculate the debt ratio for Canyon Canoe Company at December 31, 2018

Journalizing transactions, posting journal entries to four-column accounts, and preparing a trial balance

The trial balance of Shawn Merry, CPA, is dated March 31, 2018: During April, the business completed the following transactions:

Cash 11,000

Office Supplies 400

Accounts Receivable 16,500

Land 30,000

Furniture 0

Automobile 0

Accounts Payable 3,800

Unearned Revenue 0

Common Stock 52,300

Dividends 0

Rent Expense 800

Salaries Expense 5,600

Service Revenue 8,200

Total Balance $ 64,300 64,300

During April, the business completed the following transactions:

Apr. 4 Collected $2,500 cash from a client on account.

8 Performed tax services for a client on account, $5,400.

13 Paid $3,000 on account.

14 Purchased furniture on account, $3,600.

15 Merry contributed his personal automobile to the business in exchange for common stock. The automobile had a market value of $9,500.

18 Purchased office supplies on account, $900.

19 Received $2,700 for tax services performed on April 8.

20 Paid cash dividends of $6,500.

21 Received $5,700 cash for consulting work completed.

24 Received $2,400 cash for accounting services to be completed next month.

27 Paid office rent, $600.

28 Paid employee salary, $1,700.

Requirements

  1. Record the April transactions in the journal. Use the following accounts: Cash; Accounts Receivable; Office Supplies; Land; Furniture; Automobile; Accounts Payable; Unearned Revenue; Common Stock; Dividends; Service Revenue; Salaries Expense; and Rent Expense. Include an explanation for each entry
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