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Horngren'S Financial And Managerial Accounting
Found in: Page 104

Short Answer

Journalizing transactions, posting journal entries to four-column accounts, and preparing a trial balance

The trial balance of Shawn Merry, CPA, is dated March 31, 2018: During April, the business completed the following transactions:

Cash 11,000

Office Supplies 400

Accounts Receivable 16,500

Land 30,000

Furniture 0

Automobile 0

Accounts Payable 3,800

Unearned Revenue 0

Common Stock 52,300

Dividends 0

Rent Expense 800

Salaries Expense 5,600

Service Revenue 8,200

Total Balance $ 64,300 64,300

During April, the business completed the following transactions:

Apr. 4 Collected $2,500 cash from a client on account.

8 Performed tax services for a client on account, $5,400.

13 Paid $3,000 on account.

14 Purchased furniture on account, $3,600.

15 Merry contributed his personal automobile to the business in exchange for common stock. The automobile had a market value of $9,500.

18 Purchased office supplies on account, $900.

19 Received $2,700 for tax services performed on April 8.

20 Paid cash dividends of $6,500.

21 Received $5,700 cash for consulting work completed.

24 Received $2,400 cash for accounting services to be completed next month.

27 Paid office rent, $600.

28 Paid employee salary, $1,700.

Requirements

  1. Record the April transactions in the journal. Use the following accounts: Cash; Accounts Receivable; Office Supplies; Land; Furniture; Automobile; Accounts Payable; Unearned Revenue; Common Stock; Dividends; Service Revenue; Salaries Expense; and Rent Expense. Include an explanation for each entry

Required journal entries are passed in Step 2.

See the step by step solution

Step by Step Solution

Step 1 Definition of Accounts Receivables

Accounts receivables are defined as the balance sheet item representing the amount owed to the business by the clients or customers.

Step 2 Recording Journal Entries

Journal entry

Date

Particulars

Debit ($)

Credit ($)

Apr

4

Cash

$2,500

Accounts Receivables

$2,500

(Cash Received from clients)

8

Accounts Receivables

$5,400

Service Revenue

$5,400

(Service provided to the client on credit)

13

Accounts Payable

$3,000

Cash

$3,000

(Cash Paid against accounts Payable)

14

Furniture

$3,600

Accounts Payable

$3,600

(Furniture purchased on credit)

15

Automobile

$9,500

Common Stock

$9,500

(Common Stock Issued for the automobile)

18

Office Supplies

$900

Accounts Payable

$900

(Office supplies purchased on credit)

19

Cash

$2,700

Accounts Receivables

$2,700

(Cash received from clients)

20

Dividends

$6,500

Cash

$6,500

(Cash dividend paid)

21

Cash

$5,700

Service Revenue

$5,700

(Cash received for providing the services)

24

Cash

$2,400

Unearned Revenue

$2,400

(Cash received for services to be provided in future)

27

Rent Expense

$600

Cash

$600

(Rent expense paid)

28

Salary Expense

$1,700

Cash

$1,700

(Salary Expense paid)

Most popular questions for Business-studies Textbooks

Journalizing transactions, posting journal entries to four-column accounts, and preparing a trial balance

Terrence Murphy opened a law office on January 1, 2018. During the first month of operations, the business completed the following transactions:

Jan. 1 Murphy contributed $78,000 cash to the business, Terrence Murphy, Attorney. The business issued common stock to Murphy.

3 Purchased office supplies, $600, and furniture, $1,700, on account.

4 Performed legal services for a client and received $1,000 cash.

7 Purchased a building with a market value of $130,000, and land with a market value of $25,000. The business paid $25,000 cash and signed a note payable to the bank for the remaining amount.

11 Prepared legal documents for a client on account, $400.

15 Paid assistant’s semimonthly salary, $1,120.

16 Paid for the office supplies purchased on January 3 on account.

18 Received $2,700 cash for helping a client sell real estate.

19 Defended a client in court and billed the client for $1,800.

25 Received a bill for utilities, $600. The bill will be paid next month.

29 Received cash on account, $1,500.

30 Paid $1,200 cash for a 12-month insurance policy starting on February 1.

30 Paid assistant’s semimonthly salary, $1,120.

31 Paid monthly rent expense, $1,800.

31 Paid cash dividends of $2,200.

Requirements

2. Open the following four-column accounts including account numbers: Cash, 101; Accounts Receivable, 111; Office Supplies, 121; Prepaid Insurance, 131; Land, 141; Building, 151; Furniture, 161; Accounts Payable, 201; Utilities Payable, 211; Notes Payable, 221; Common Stock, 301; Dividends, 311; Service Revenue, 411; Salaries Expense, 511; Rent Expense, 521; and Utilities Expense, 531.

Journalizing transactions, posting journal entries to four-column accounts, and preparing a trial balance

The trial balance of Shawn Merry, CPA, is dated March 31, 2018: During April, the business completed the following transactions:

Cash 11,000

Office Supplies 400

Accounts Receivable 16,500

Land 30,000

Furniture 0

Automobile 0

Accounts Payable 3,800

Unearned Revenue 0

Common Stock 52,300

Dividends 0

Rent Expense 800

Salaries Expense 5,600

Service Revenue 8,200

Total Balance $ 64,300 64,300

During April, the business completed the following transactions:

Apr. 4 Collected $2,500 cash from a client on account.

8 Performed tax services for a client on account, $5,400.

13 Paid $3,000 on account.

14 Purchased furniture on account, $3,600.

15 Merry contributed his personal automobile to the business in exchange for common stock. The automobile had a market value of $9,500.

18 Purchased office supplies on account, $900.

19 Received $2,700 for tax services performed on April 8.

20 Paid cash dividends of $6,500.

21 Received $5,700 cash for consulting work completed.

24 Received $2,400 cash for accounting services to be completed next month.

27 Paid office rent, $600.

28 Paid employee salary, $1,700.

Requirements

2. Open the four-column ledger accounts listed in the trial balance, together with their balances as of March 31. Use the following account numbers: Cash, 11; Accounts Receivable, 12; Office Supplies, 13; Land, 14; Furniture, 15; Automobile, 16; Accounts Payable, 21; Unearned Revenue, 22; Common Stock, 31; Dividends, 33; Service Revenue, 41; Salaries Expense, 51; and Rent Expense, 52

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