Shetland Inc. had pretax financial income of $154,000 in 2017. Included in the computation of that amount is insurance expense of $4,000 which is not deductible for tax purposes. In addition, depreciation for tax purposes exceeds accounting depreciation by $10,000. Prepare Shetland’s journal entry to record 2017 taxes, assuming a tax rate of 45%.
Depreciation is a term used in accounts where the value of fixed assets the organization owns decreases because of its usage. It is charged as an expense and is deducted from the asset's actual value.
Income tax expense
Income tax payable
Deferred tax liability
(To record the income tax expense)
Using the information from BE19-2, assume this is the only difference between Oxford’s pretax financial income and taxable income. Prepare the journal entry to record the income tax expense, deferred income taxes, and income taxes payable, and show how the deferred tax liability will be classified on the December 31, 2017, balance sheet.
At the end of the year, Falabella Co. has pretax financial income of $550,000. Included in the $550,000 is $70,000 interest income on municipal bonds, $25,000 fine for dumping hazardous waste, and depreciation of $60,000. Depreciation for tax purposes is $45,000. Compute income taxes payable, assuming the tax rate is 30% for all periods.
Button Company has the following two temporary differences between its income tax expense and income taxes payable2017 2018 2019 Pretax financial income $840,000 $910,000 $945,000 Excess depreciation expense on tax return (30,000) (40,000) (10,000) Excess warranty expense in financial income 20,000 10,000 8,000 Taxable income $830,000 $880,000 $943,000 The income tax rate for all years is 40%. Instructions (a) Assuming there were no temporary differences prior to 2017, prepare the journal entry to record income tax expense, deferred income taxes, and income taxes payable for 2017, 2018, and 2019. (b) Indicate how deferred taxes will be reported on the 2019 balance sheet. Button’s product warranty is for 12 months. (c) Prepare the income tax expense section of the income statement for 2019, beginning with the line “Pretax financial income.”
Instructions Complete the following statements by filling in the blanks. (a) In a period in which a taxable temporary difference reverses, the reversal will cause taxable income to be _______ (less than, greater than) pretax financial income. (b) If a $76,000 balance in Deferred Tax Asset was computed by use of a 40% rate, the underlying cumulative temporary difference amounts to $_______. (c) Deferred taxes ________ (are, are not) recorded to account for permanent differences. (d) If a taxable temporary difference originates in 2017, it will cause taxable income for 2017 to be ________ (less than, greater than) pretax financial income for 2017. (e) If total tax expense is $50,000 and deferred tax expense is $65,000, then the current portion of the expense computation is referred to as current tax _______ (expense, benefit) of $_______. (f) If a corporation’s tax return shows taxable income of $100,000 for Year 2 and a tax rate of 40%, how much will appear on the December 31, Year 2, balance sheet for “Income taxes payable” if the company has made estimated tax payments of $36,500 for Year 2? $________. (g) An increase in the Deferred Tax Liability account on the balance sheet is recorded by a _______ (debit, credit) to the Income Tax Expense account. (h) An income statement that reports current tax expense of $82,000 and deferred tax benefit of $23,000 will report total income tax expense of $________. (i) A valuation account is needed whenever it is judged to be _______ that a portion of a deferred tax asset _______ (will be, will not be) realized. (j) If the tax return shows total taxes due for the period of $75,000 but the income statement shows total income tax expense of $55,000, the difference of $20,000 is referred to as deferred tax _______ (expense, benefit).
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