Alice Foyle, M.D. (lessee), has a noncancelable 20-year lease with Brownback Realty, Inc. (lessor) for the use of a medical building. Taxes, insurance, and maintenance are paid by the lessee in addition to the fixed annual payments, of which the present value is equal to the fair value of the leased property. At the end of the lease period, title becomes the lessee’s at a nominal price. Considering the terms of the lease described above, comment on the nature of the lease transaction and the accounting treatment that should be accorded it by the lessee.
The nature of the lease is a capital lease.
The transfer of ownership rights from one party to another at the completion of the lease period is term as a capital lease. A lessee might benefit from capital leasing by purchasing an asset at a lower cost than the market value.
The lease agreement should be treated as a capital lease as it involves a bargain purchase option that transfers ownership of the asset to the lessee. The fact that the lessee gets all costs, as well as a reasonable rate of return on investment, demonstrates the capital lease's nature.
Assets and liabilities should be recorded at the discounted amount of future lease payments, which should be distributed between the land and the building in accordance with their fair values at the commencement of the lease, exactly like in a capital lease. The exemption should be based on the building's estimated useful life.
Question: The following facts pertain to a noncancelable lease agreement between Faldo Leasing Company and Vance Company, a lessee.
January 1, 2017
Annual lease payment due at the beginning of each year, beginning with January 1, 2017
Residual value of equipment at end of lease term, guaranteed by the lessee
Economic life of leased equipment
Fair value of asset at January 1, 2017
Lessor’s implicit rate
Lessee’s incremental borrowing rate
The lessee assumes responsibility for all executory costs, which are expected to amount to $5,000 per year. The asset will revert to the lessor at the end of the lease term. The lessee has guaranteed the lessor a residual value of $50,000. The lessee uses the straightline depreciation method for all equipment.
(b) Prepare all of the journal entries for the lessee for 2017 and 2018 to record the lease agreement, the lease payments, and all expenses related to this lease. Assume the lessee’s annual accounting period ends on December 31 and reversing entries are used when appropriate.
Question: (Lessee Entries and Balance Sheet Presentation, Capital Lease) On January 1, 2017, Cage Company contracts to lease equipment for 5 years, agreeing to make a payment of $137,899 (including the executory costs of $6,000) at the beginning of each year, starting January 1, 2017. The taxes, the insurance, and the maintenance, estimated at $6,000 a year, are the obligations of the lessee. The leased equipment is to be capitalized at $550,000. The asset is to be depreciated on a double-declining-balance basis, and the obligation is to be reduced on an effective-interest basis. Cage’s incremental borrowing rate is 12%, and the implicit rate in the lease is 10%, which is known by Cage. Title to the equipment transfers to Cage when the lease expires. The asset has an estimated useful life of 5 years and no residual value.
(b) Prepare the journal entry or entries that should be recorded on January 1, 2017, by Cage Company.
(Lessor Entries; Sales-Type Lease) Crosley Company, a machinery dealer, leased a machine to Dexter Corporation on January 1, 2017. The lease is for an 8-year period and requires equal annual payments of $35,013 at the beginning of each year. The first payment is received on January 1, 2017. Crosley had purchased the machine during 2016 for $160,000. Collectibility of lease payments is reasonably predictable, and no important uncertainties surround the amount of costs yet to be incurred by Crosley. Crosley set the annual rental to ensure an 11% rate of return. The machine has an economic life of 10 years with no residual value and reverts to Crosley at the termination of the lease.
The following are four independent situations.
On December 31, 2017, Wasicsko Co. sold a machine to Cross Co. and simultaneously leased it back for one year. The sales price of the machine was $480,000, the carrying amount is $420,000, and it had an estimated remaining useful life of 14 years. The present value of the rental payments for the one year is $35,000. At December 31, 2017, how much should Wasicsko report as deferred revenue from the sale of the machine?
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