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Intermediate Accounting (Kieso)
Found in: Page 1247

Short Answer

(Lessee Entries and Balance Sheet Presentation, Capital Lease) Ludwick Steel Company as lessee signed a lease agreement for equipment for 5 years, beginning December 31, 2017. Annual rental payments of $40,000 are to be made at the beginning of each lease year (December 31). The taxes, insurance, and the maintenance costs are the obligation of the lessee. The interest rate used by the lessor in setting the payment schedule is 9%; Ludwick’s incremental borrowing rate is 10%. Ludwick is unaware of the rate being used by the lessor. At the end of the lease, Ludwick has the option to buy the equipment for $1, considerably below its estimated fair value at that time. The equipment has an estimated useful life of 7 years, with no salvage value. Ludwick uses the straight-line method of depreciation on similar owned equipment.

Instructions

  1. Prepare the journal entry or entries, with explanations, that should be recorded on December 31, 2017, by Ludwick.

The lease liability is $166,794.

See the step by step solution

Step by Step Solution

Meaning of Capital lease

A capital lease is a mutual agreement in which the lessor agrees to transfer possession of the asset to the lessee at the end of the lease term. A lessee can benefit from capital leasing because he can buy the asset at a rate cheaper than the market value.

Preparing journal entries

Date

Particular

Debit ($)

Credit ($)

Dec. 31, 2017

Leased Equipment

166,794

Lease Liability

166,794

To record leased assets and related liability at the present value of 5 future annual payments of $40,000 discounted at 10%.

Working Notes:

Calculation of lease liability

Note: Present value of an annuity due of 1 for 5 periods at 10%.

Date

Particular

Debit ($)

Credit ($)

Dec. 31, 2017

Lease Liability

40,000

Cash

40,000

Most popular questions for Business-studies Textbooks

Question: (Balance Sheet and Income Statement Disclosure—Lessee) The following facts pertain to a noncancelable lease agreement between Alschuler Leasing Company and McKee Electronics, a lessee, for a computer system.

Inception date

October 1, 2017

Lease term

6 years

Economic life of leased equipment

6 years

Fair value of asset at October 1, 2017

$300,383

Residual value at end of lease term

–0–

Lessor’s implicit rate

10%

Lessee’s incremental borrowing rate

10%

Annual lease payment due at the beginning of each year, beginning with October 1, 2017

$62,700

The collectibility of the lease payments is reasonably predictable, and there are no important uncertainties surrounding the costs yet to be incurred by the lessor. The lessee assumes responsibility for all executory costs, which amount to $5,500 per year and are to be paid each October 1, beginning October 1, 2017. (This $5,500 is not included in the rental payment of $62,700.) The asset will revert to the lessor at the end of the lease term. The straight-line depreciation method is used for all equipment.

The following amortization schedule has been prepared correctly for use by both the lessor and the lessee in accounting for this lease. The lease is to be accounted for properly as a capital lease by the lessee and as a direct-financing lease by the lessor.

Date

Annual lease payments/Receipt

Interest (10%)

On Unpaid liability/Receivable

Reduction of Lease Liability?

Receivable

Balance of Lease Liability/Receivable

10/01/17

$300,383

10/01/17

$62,700

$62,700

237,683

10/01/18

$62,700

$23,768

38,932

198,751

10/01/19

$62,700

19,875

42,825

155,926

10/01/20

$62,700

15,593

47,107

108,819

10/01/21

$62,700

10,882

51,818

57,001

10/01/22

$62,700

5,699*

57,001

0

$376,200

$75,817

$300,383

*Rounding error is $1.

(b) Assuming the lessee’s accounting period ends on December 31, answer the following questions with respect to this lease agreement.

(2) What items and amounts will appear on the lessee’s balance sheet at December 31, 2017?

Question: (Balance Sheet and Income Statement Disclosure—Lessee) The following facts pertain to a noncancelable lease agreement between Alschuler Leasing Company and McKee Electronics, a lessee, for a computer system.

Inception date

October 1, 2017

Lease term

6 years

Economic life of leased equipment

6 years

Fair value of asset at October 1, 2017

$300,383

Residual value at end of lease term

–0–

Lessor’s implicit rate

10%

Lessee’s incremental borrowing rate

10%

Annual lease payment due at the beginning of each year, beginning with October 1, 2017

$62,700

The collectibility of the lease payments is reasonably predictable, and there are no important uncertainties surrounding the costs yet to be incurred by the lessor. The lessee assumes responsibility for all executory costs, which amount to $5,500 per year and are to be paid each October 1, beginning October 1, 2017. (This $5,500 is not included in the rental payment of $62,700.) The asset will revert to the lessor at the end of the lease term. The straight-line depreciation method is used for all equipment.

The following amortization schedule has been prepared correctly for use by both the lessor and the lessee in accounting for this lease. The lease is to be accounted for properly as a capital lease by the lessee and as a direct-financing lease by the lessor.

Date

Annual lease payments/Receipt

Interest (10%)

On Unpaid liability/Receivable

Reduction of Lease Liability?

Receivable

Balance of Lease Liability/Receivable

10/01/17

$300,383

10/01/17

$62,700

$62,700

237,683

10/01/18

$62,700

$23,768

38,932

198,751

10/01/19

$62,700

19,875

42,825

155,926

10/01/20

$62,700

15,593

47,107

108,819

10/01/21

$62,700

10,882

51,818

57,001

10/01/22

$62,700

5,699*

57,001

0

$376,200

$75,817

$300,383

*Rounding error is $1.

Instructions

(a) Assuming the lessee’s accounting period ends on September 30, answer the following questions with respect to this lease agreement.

(b) What items and amounts will appear on the lessee’s income statement for the year ending September 30, 2018?

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