What is a private pension plan? How does a contributory pension plan differ from a noncontributory plan?
Gratuity is a type of plan where the employee is paid a certain sum of money after completing their employment in an organization. It is produced after retirement by the organization.
Private pension plans are those plans where an organization offers its employees the retirement benefits in monetary terms, which are deducted in advance from the monthly pay cycle. Both an employer and the employee contribute to the pension plans.
Contributory pension plans are those where the organization's employee bears a particular part of a specific section of the total benefit cost.
Non-contributory pension plans are those plans where the total benefit cost is borne by the organization for its employees.
In examining the costs of pension plans, Helen Kaufman, CPA, encounters certain terms. The components of pension costs that the terms represent must be dealt with appropriately if generally accepted accounting principles are to be reflected in the financial statements of entities with pension plans. Instructions (a) (1) Discuss the theoretical justification for accrual recognition of pension costs. (2) Discuss the relative objectivity of the measurement process of accrual versus cash (pay-as-you-go) accounting for annual pension costs. (b) Explain the following terms as they apply to accounting for pension plans. (1) Market-related asset value. (2) Projected benefit obligation. (3) Corridor approach. (c) What information should be disclosed about a company’s pension plans in its financial statements and its notes?
Elton Co. has the following postretirement benefit plan balances on January 1, 2017. Accumulated postretirement benefi t obligation $2,250,000 Fair value of plan assets 2,250,000 The interest (settlement) rate applicable to the plan is 10%. On January 1, 2018, the company amends the plan so that prior service costs of $175,000 are created. Other data related to the plan are: 2017 2018 Service costs $ 75,000 $ 85,000 Prior service costs amortization –0– 12,000 Contributions (funding) to the plan 45,000 35,000 Benefits paid 40,000 45,000 Actual return on plan assets 140,000 120,000 Expected rate of return on assets 8% 6% Instructions (a) Prepare a worksheet for the postretirement plan in 2017. (b) Prepare any journal entries related to the postretirement plan that would be needed at December 31, 2017. (c) Prepare a worksheet for 2018 and any journal entries related to the postretirement plan as of December 31, 2018. (d) Indicate the postretirement-benefit–related amounts reported in the 2018 financial statements.
The following items appear on Brueggen Company’s financial statements. 1. Under the caption Assets: Pension asset/liability. 2. Under the caption Liabilities: Pension asset/liability. 3. Under the caption Stockholders’ Equity: Prior service cost as a component of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income. 4. On the income statement: Pension expense. Instructions Explain the significance of each of the items above on corporate financial statements. (Note: All items set forth above are not necessarily to be found on the statements of a single company.)
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