What factors must be considered by the actuary in measuring the amount of pension benefits under a defined benefit plan?
Interest rate is the rate at which the borrower pays the interest expense to the lender of the loan. The lender decides the rate of the loan.
Many factors are taken into consideration by the actuary of an organization when determining the number of pension benefits under a defined benefit pension plan. These variables affect the overall benefit amounts.
Hiatt Toothpaste Company initiates a defined benefit pension plan for its 50 employees on January 1, 2017. The insurance company which administers the pension plan provided the following selected information for the years 2017, 2018, and 2019
For Year Ended December 31, 2017 2018 2019 Plan assets (fair value) $50,000 $ 85,000 $180,000 Accumulated benefi t obligation 45,000 165,000 292,000 Projected benefi t obligation 60,000 200,000 324,000 Net (gain) loss (for purposes of corridor calculation) –0– 78,400 81,033 Employer’s funding contribution (made at end of year) 50,000 60,000 105,000
There were no balances as of January 1, 2017, when the plan was initiated. The actual and expected return on plan assets was 10% over the 3-year period, but the settlement rate used to discount the company’s pension obligation was 13% in 2017, 11% in 2018, and 8% in 2019. The service cost component of net periodic pension expense amounted to the following: 2017, $60,000; 2018, $85,000; and 2019, $119,000. The average remaining service life per employee is 12 years. No benefits were paid in 2017, $30,000 of benefits were paid in 2018, and $18,500 of benefits were paid in 2019 (all benefits paid at end of year). Instructions (Round to the nearest dollar.) (a) Calculate the amount of net periodic pension expense that the company would recognize in 2017, 2018, and 2019. (b) Prepare the journal entries to record net periodic pension expense, employer’s funding contribution, and related pension amounts for the years 2017, 2018, and 2019
Elton Co. has the following postretirement benefit plan balances on January 1, 2017. Accumulated postretirement benefi t obligation $2,250,000 Fair value of plan assets 2,250,000 The interest (settlement) rate applicable to the plan is 10%. On January 1, 2018, the company amends the plan so that prior service costs of $175,000 are created. Other data related to the plan are: 2017 2018 Service costs $ 75,000 $ 85,000 Prior service costs amortization –0– 12,000 Contributions (funding) to the plan 45,000 35,000 Benefits paid 40,000 45,000 Actual return on plan assets 140,000 120,000 Expected rate of return on assets 8% 6% Instructions (a) Prepare a worksheet for the postretirement plan in 2017. (b) Prepare any journal entries related to the postretirement plan that would be needed at December 31, 2017. (c) Prepare a worksheet for 2018 and any journal entries related to the postretirement plan as of December 31, 2018. (d) Indicate the postretirement-benefit–related amounts reported in the 2018 financial statements.
In examining the costs of pension plans, Helen Kaufman, CPA, encounters certain terms. The components of pension costs that the terms represent must be dealt with appropriately if generally accepted accounting principles are to be reflected in the financial statements of entities with pension plans. Instructions (a) (1) Discuss the theoretical justification for accrual recognition of pension costs. (2) Discuss the relative objectivity of the measurement process of accrual versus cash (pay-as-you-go) accounting for annual pension costs. (b) Explain the following terms as they apply to accounting for pension plans. (1) Market-related asset value. (2) Projected benefit obligation. (3) Corridor approach. (c) What information should be disclosed about a company’s pension plans in its financial statements and its notes?
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