Roeher Company sold $9,000 of its specialty shelving to Elkins Office Supply Co. on account. Prepare the entries when (a) Roeher makes the sale, (b) Roeher grants an allowance of $700 when some of the shelving does not meet exact specifications but still could be sold by Elkins, and (c) at year-end; Roeher estimates that an additional $200 in allowances will be granted to Elkins.
Both debit and credit sides of the journal totals $9,900.
The benefits generated by providing services or products to the customers against consideration are known as sales revenue.
Accounts and Explanation
Sales return and allowance
Sales return and allowance
Wood Incorporated factored $150,000 of accounts receivable with Engram Factors Inc. on a without-recourse basis. Engram assesses a 2% finance charge of the amount of accounts receivable and retains an amount equal to 6% of accounts receivable for possible adjustments. Prepare the journal entry for Wood Incorporated and Engram Factors to record the factoring of the accounts receivable to Engram.
Presented below is information from Perez Computers Incorporated.
July 1 Sold $20,000 of computers to Robertson Company with terms 3/15, n/60. Perez uses the gross method to record cash discounts. Perez estimates allowances of $1,300 will be honored on these sales.
10 Perez received payment from Robertson for the full amount owed from the July transactions.
17 Sold $200,000 in computers and peripherals to The Clark Store with terms of 2/10, n/30.
30 The Clark Store paid Perez for its purchase of July 17.
Prepare the necessary journal entries for Perez Computers.
From inception of operations to December 31, 2017, Fortner Corporation provided for uncollectible accounts receivable under the allowance method. The provisions are recorded, based on analyses of customers with different risk characteristics. Bad debts written off were charged to the allowance account; recoveries of bad debts previously written off were credited to the allowance account, and no year-end adjustments to the allowance account were made. Fortner’s usual credit terms are net 30 days.
The balance in Allowance for Doubtful Accounts was $130,000 at January 1, 2017. During 2017, credit sales totalled $9,000,000, the provision for doubtful accounts was determined to be $180,000, $90,000 of bad debts were written off, and recoveries of accounts previously written off amounted to $15,000. Fortner installed a computer system in November 2017, and aging of accounts receivable was prepared for the first time as of December 31, 2017. A summary of the aging is as follows.
Classification by month of sale
Balance in each category
Estimated % uncollectible
Prior to 1/1/17
Based on the review of collectibility of the account balances in the “prior to 1/1/17” aging category, additional receivables totaling $60,000 were written off as of December 31, 2017. The 80% uncollectible estimate applies to the remaining $90,000 in the category. Effective with the year ended December 31, 2017, Fortner adopted a different method for estimating the allowance for doubtful accounts at the amount indicated by the year-end aging analysis of accounts receivable.
(a) Prepare a schedule analyzing the changes in Allowance for Doubtful Accounts for the year ended December 31, 2017. Show supporting computations in good form. (Hint: In computing the 12/31/17 allowance, subtract the $60,000 write-off.)
(b) Prepare the journal entry for the year-end adjustment to Allowance for Doubtful Accounts balance as of December 31, 2017.
On September 30, 2016, Rolen Machinery Co. sold a machine and accepted the customer’s zero-interest-bearing note. Rolen normally makes sales on a cash basis. Since the machine was unique, its sales price was not determinable using Rolen’s normal pricing practices.
After receiving the first of two equal annual installments on September 30, 2017, Rolen immediately sold the note with recourse. On October 9, 2018, Rolen received notice that the note was dishonored, and it paid all amounts due. At all times prior to default, the note was reasonably expected to be paid in full.
(c) How should Rolen account for the effects of the note being dishonored?
(Note Transactions at Unrealistic Interest Rates) On July 1, 2017, Agincourt Inc. made two sales.
1. It sold land having a fair value of $700,000 in exchange for a 4-year zero-interest-bearing promissory note in the face amount of $1,101,460. The land is carried on Agincourt’s books at a cost of $590,000.
2. It rendered services in exchange for a 3%, 8-year promissory note having a face value of $400,000 (interest payable annually).
Agincourt Inc. recently had to pay 8% interest for money that it borrowed from British National Bank. The customers in these two transactions have credit ratings that require them to borrow money at 12% interest.
Record the two journal entries that should be recorded by Agincourt Inc. for the sales transactions above that took place on July 1, 2017.
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