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Question 4

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Intermediate Accounting (Kieso)
Found in: Page 363

Short Answer

Roeher Company sold $9,000 of its specialty shelving to Elkins Office Supply Co. on account. Prepare the entries when (a) Roeher makes the sale, (b) Roeher grants an allowance of $700 when some of the shelving does not meet exact specifications but still could be sold by Elkins, and (c) at year-end; Roeher estimates that an additional $200 in allowances will be granted to Elkins.

Both debit and credit sides of the journal totals $9,900.

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Step by Step Solution

Definition of Sales Revenue

The benefits generated by providing services or products to the customers against consideration are known as sales revenue.

Journal entries

Date

Accounts and Explanation

Debit $

Credit $

a

Accounts receivables

$9,000

Sales revenue

$9,000

b

Sales return and allowance

$700

Accounts receivables

$700

c

Sales return and allowance

$200

Accounts receivables

$200

$9,900

$9,900

Most popular questions for Business-studies Textbooks

From inception of operations to December 31, 2017, Fortner Corporation provided for uncollectible accounts receivable under the allowance method. The provisions are recorded, based on analyses of customers with different risk characteristics. Bad debts written off were charged to the allowance account; recoveries of bad debts previously written off were credited to the allowance account, and no year-end adjustments to the allowance account were made. Fortner’s usual credit terms are net 30 days.

The balance in Allowance for Doubtful Accounts was $130,000 at January 1, 2017. During 2017, credit sales totalled $9,000,000, the provision for doubtful accounts was determined to be $180,000, $90,000 of bad debts were written off, and recoveries of accounts previously written off amounted to $15,000. Fortner installed a computer system in November 2017, and aging of accounts receivable was prepared for the first time as of December 31, 2017. A summary of the aging is as follows.

Classification by month of sale

Balance in each category

Estimated % uncollectible

November-December 2017

$1,080,000

2%

July-October

650,000

10%

January-June

420,000

25%

Prior to 1/1/17

150,000

80%

$2,300,000

Based on the review of collectibility of the account balances in the “prior to 1/1/17” aging category, additional receivables totaling $60,000 were written off as of December 31, 2017. The 80% uncollectible estimate applies to the remaining $90,000 in the category. Effective with the year ended December 31, 2017, Fortner adopted a different method for estimating the allowance for doubtful accounts at the amount indicated by the year-end aging analysis of accounts receivable.

Instructions

(a) Prepare a schedule analyzing the changes in Allowance for Doubtful Accounts for the year ended December 31, 2017. Show supporting computations in good form. (Hint: In computing the 12/31/17 allowance, subtract the $60,000 write-off.)

(b) Prepare the journal entry for the year-end adjustment to Allowance for Doubtful Accounts balance as of December 31, 2017.

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