(Bank Reconciliation and Adjusting Entries) The cash account of Aguilar Co. showed a ledger balance of $3,969.85 on June 30, 2017. The bank statement as of that date showed a balance of $4,150. Upon comparing the statement with the cash records, the following facts were determined.
1. There were bank service charges for June of $25.
2. A bank memo stated that Bao Dai’s note for $1,200 and interest of $36 had been collected on June 29, and the bank had made a charge of $5.50 on the collection. (No entry had been made on Aguilar’s books when Bao Dai’s note was sent to the bank for collection.)
3. Receipts for June 30 for $3,390 were not deposited until July 2.
4. Checks outstanding on June 30 totaled $2,136.05.
5. The bank had charged the Aguilar Co.’s account for a customer’s uncollectible check amounting to $253.20 on June 29.
6. A customer’s check for $90 (as payment on the customer’s Accounts Receivable) had been entered as $60 in the cash receipts journal by Aguilar on June 15.
7. Check no. 742 in the amount of $491 had been entered in the cash journal as $419, and check no. 747 in the amount of $58.20 had been entered as $582. Both checks had been issued to pay for purchases and were payments on Aguilar’s Accounts Payable.
(a) Prepare a bank reconciliation dated June 30, 2017, proceeding to a correct cash balance.
(b) Prepare any entries necessary to make the books correct and complete.
The correct cash balance is $5,403.95
Statement prepared by a business entity for tallying the balance of cash as per books and the balance of cash as per bank passbook is known as bank reconciliation. Such differences exist because of timing differences in recording transactions.
Balance as per bank passbook
Deposit in transit
Correct balance as per passbook
Balance as per cash book
Collection of note receivable
Error in posting
Error in recording check (check no: 747)
NSF checks charges
Error in recording check no: 742
Correct balance as per cashbook
Accounts and Explanation
30 June 2017
Collection of note receivable
31 June 2017
(To record the deductible items not reported in the cash balance)
On September 30, 2016, Rolen Machinery Co. sold a machine and accepted the customer’s zero-interest-bearing note. Rolen normally makes sales on a cash basis. Since the machine was unique, its sales price was not determinable using Rolen’s normal pricing practices.
After receiving the first of two equal annual installments on September 30, 2017, Rolen immediately sold the note with recourse. On October 9, 2018, Rolen received notice that the note was dishonored, and it paid all amounts due. At all times prior to default, the note was reasonably expected to be paid in full.
What are the effects of the sale of the note receivable with recourse on Rolen’s income statement for the year ended December 31, 2017, and its balance sheet at December 31, 2017?
(Assigned Accounts Receivable—Journal Entries) Salen Company finances some of its current operations by assigning accounts receivable to a finance company. On July 1, 2017, it assigned, under guarantee, specific accounts amounting to $150,000. The finance company advanced to Salen 80% of the accounts assigned (20% of the total to be withheld until the finance company has made its full recovery), less a finance charge of ½% of the total accounts assigned.
On July 31, Salen Company received a statement that the finance company had collected $80,000 of these accounts and had made an additional charge of ½% of the total accounts outstanding as of July 31. This charge is to be deducted at the time of the first remittance due Salen Company from the finance company. (Hint: Make entries at this time.) On August 31, 2017, Salen Company received a second statement from the finance company, together with a check for the amount due. The statement indicated that the finance company had collected an additional $50,000 and had made a further charge of ½% of the balance outstanding as of August 31.
Make all entries on the books of Salen Company that are involved in the transactions above.
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