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Q19E

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Intermediate Accounting (Kieso)
Found in: Page 588

Short Answer

(Depletion Computations—Timber) Stanislaw Timber Company owns 9,000 acres of timberland purchased in 2006 at a cost of $1,400 per acre. At the time of purchase, the land without the timber was valued at $400 per acre. In 2007, Stanislaw built fire lanes and roads, with a life of 30 years, at a cost of $84,000. Every year, Stanislaw sprays to prevent disease at a cost of $3,000 per year and spends $7,000 to maintain the fire lanes and roads. During 2008, Stanislaw selectively logged and sold 700,000 board feet of timber of the estimated 3,500,000 board feet. In 2009, Stanislaw planted new seedlings to replace the trees cut at a cost of $100,000.

Instructions

  1. Determine the depreciation expense and the cost of timber sold related to depletion for 2008.
  2. Stanislaw has not logged since 2008. If Stanislaw logged and sold 900,000 board feet of timber in 2019, when the timber cruise (appraiser) estimated 5,000,000 board feet, determine the cost of timber sold related to depletion for 2019.

Answer

  1. Depreciation expense = $2,800
  2. Cost of timber sold = $1,314,000

See the step by step solution

Step by Step Solution

Step 1: Meaning of Depletion

Depletion is defined as a reduction in the quantity of a production factor due to the manufacturing process. Companies generate new products by combining current goods and services. When old items are turned into new products, it is termed a production process.

Step 2: (a) Determining the depreciation expense and the cost of timber sold related to depletion for 2008. 

Determining the depreciation expense

Determining the cost of timber sold

Step 3: (b) Determining the cost of timber sold

Calculating the cost of timber sold related to depletion for 2019

Timber available ($9,000,000 $1,800,000)

$7,200,000

Add: Cutting costs

$100,000

$7,300,000

Most popular questions for Business-studies Textbooks

(Depreciation Basic Concepts) Burnitz Manufacturing Company was organized on January 1, 2017. In 2017, it has used in its reports to management the straight-line method of depreciating its plant assets.

On November 8, you are having a conference with Burnitz’s officers to discuss the depreciation method to be used for income tax and stockholder reporting. James Bryant, president of Burnitz, has suggested the use of a new method, which he feels is more suitable than the straight-line method for the needs of the company during the period of rapid expansion of production and capacity that he foresees. Following is an example in which the proposed method is applied to a fixed asset with an original cost of $248,000, an estimated useful life of 5 years, and a salvage value of approximately $8,000.

Year

Year of life used

Fraction rate

Depreciation expense

Accumulated depreciation at the end of year

Book value at the end of Year

1

1

1/15

$16,000

$ 16,000

$232,000

2

2

2/15

32,000

48,000

200,000

3

3

3/15

48,000

96,000

152,000

4

4

4/15

64,000

160,000

88,000

5

5

5/15

80,000

240,000

8,000

The president favors the new method because he has heard that:

  1. It will increase the funds recovered during the years near the end of the assets’ useful lives when maintenance and replacement disbursements are high.
  2. It will result in increased write-offs in later years and thereby will reduce taxes.

Instructions

  1. What is the purpose of accounting for depreciation?
  2. Is the president’s proposal within the scope of generally accepted accounting principles? In making your decision, discuss the circumstances, if any, under which use of the method would be reasonable and those, if any, under which it would not be reasonable.
  3. The president wants your advice on the following issues.
    1. Do depreciation charges recover or create funds? Explain.

(2) Assume that the Internal Revenue Service accepts the proposed depreciation method in this case. If the proposed method were used for stockholder and tax reporting purposes, how would it affect the availability of cash flows generated by operations?

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