Tina Bailey, a student of intermediate accounting, was heard to remark after a class discussion on segment reporting, “All this is very confusing to me. First we are told that there is merit in presenting the consolidated results, and now we are told that it is better to show segmental results. I wish they would make up their minds.” Evaluate this comment.
Tina Bailey should provide both types of information.
The reporting of a company's operating sections within the disclosure with its financial statements is known as segment reporting. Segment reporting is mandatory for publicly traded entities, but not for privately traded compounds.
It should be highlighted that the need to present actual results when a corporation discloses segmental data does not negate the need. People sometimes get confused because they understand that the business of segmentation reporting involves that a substantive claim should not be disclosed.
It appears that both types of data need to be provided. Consolidated information generally refers to financial position and profit, while segment information refers to the precise facts that make up the overall results.
As a loan analyst for Utrillo Bank, you have been presented with the following information.
Total current assets
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
Capital stock and retained earnings
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
Rate of gross profit t on sales
Each of these companies has requested a loan of $50,000 for 6 months with no collateral offered. Because your bank has reached its quota for loans of this type, only one of these requests is to be granted.
Which of the two companies, as judged by the information given above, would you recommend as the better risk and why? Assume that the ending account balances are representative of the entire year.
Edna Millay Inc. is a manufacturer of electronic components and accessories with total assets of $20,000,000. Selected financial ratios for Millay and the industry averages for firms of similar size are presented below.
Net sales to stockholders’ equity
Return on common stockholders’ equity
Total liabilities to stockholders’ equity
Millay is being reviewed by several entities whose interests vary, and the company’s financial ratios are a part of the data being considered. Each of the parties listed below must recommend an action based on its evaluation of Millay’s financial position.
Archibald MacLeish Bank. The bank is processing Millay’s application for a new 5-year term note. Archibald MacLeish has been Millay’s banker for several years but must reevaluate the company’s financial position for each major transaction.
Robert Penn Warren. A brokerage firm specializing in the stock of electronics firms that are sold over-the-counter, Robert Penn Warren must decide if it will include Millay in a new fund being established for sale to Robert Penn Warren’s clients.
Working Capital Management Committee. This is a committee of Millay’s management personnel chaired by the chief operating officer. The committee is charged with the responsibility of periodically reviewing the company’s working capital position, comparing actual data against budgets, and recommending changes in strategy as needed.
c) Discuss what the financial ratios presented in the question reveal about Millay. Support your answer by citing specific ratio levels and trends as well as the interrelationships between these ratios.
Okay. Last fall, someone with a long memory and an even longer arm reached into that bureau drawer and came out with a moldy cheese sandwich and the equally moldy notion of corporate forecasts. We tried to find out what happened to the cheese sandwich—but, rats!, even recourse to the Freedom of Information Act didn’t help. However, the forecast proposal was dusted off, polished up and found quite serviceable. The SEC, indeed, lost no time in running it up the old flagpole—but no one was very eager to salute. Even after some of the more objectionable features—compulsory corrections and detailed explanations of why the estimates went awry—were peeled off the original proposal.
Seemingly, despite the Commission’s smiles and sweet talk, those craven corporations were still afraid that an honest mistake would lead them down the primrose path to consent decrees and class action suits. To lay to rest such qualms, the Commission last week approved a “Safe Harbor” rule that, providing the forecasts were made on a reasonable basis and in good faith, protected corporations from litigation should the projections prove wide of the mark (as only about 99% are apt to do).
What type of disclosure or accounting do you believe is necessary for the following items?
a) Because of a general increase in the number of labor disputes and strikes, both within and outside the industry, there is an increased likelihood that a company will suffer a costly strike in the near future.
b) A company reports a material unusual and infrequent loss on the income statement. No other mention is made of this item in the annual report.
c) A company expects to recover a substantial amount in connection with a pending refund claim for a prior year’s taxes. Although the claim is being contested, counsel for the company has confirmed the client’s expectation of recovery.
Morlan Corporation is preparing its December 31, 2017, financial statements. Two events that occurred between December 31, 2017, and March 10, 2018, when the statements were authorized for issue, are described below.
What effect do these subsequent events have on 2017 net income?
94% of StudySmarter users get better grades.Sign up for free