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Q11CA_c

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Intermediate Accounting (Kieso)
Found in: Page 1457

Short Answer

(Disclosure of Estimates) Nancy Tercek, the financial vice president, and Margaret Lilly, the controller, of Romine Manufacturing Company are reviewing the financial ratios of the company for the years 2017 and 2018. The financial vice president notes that the profit margin on sales ratio has increased from 6% to 12%, a hefty gain for the 2-year period. Tercek is in the process of issuing a media release that emphasizes the efficiency of Romine Manufacturing in controlling cost. Margaret Lilly knows that the difference in ratios is due primarily to an earlier company decision to reduce the estimates of warranty and bad debt expense for 2018. The controller, not sure of her supervisor’s motives, hesitates to suggest to Tercek that the company’s improvement is unrelated to efficiency in controlling cost. To complicate matters, the media release is scheduled in a few days.

Instructions

  1. What stakeholders might be affected by Tercek’s media release?

Tercek's media release could push the stock price up.

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Step by Step Solution

Meaning of Ratio Analysis

Ratio analysis is a tool used by business entities to analyze financial reports for the purpose of determining profitability, efficiency, financial leverage. It focuses on the process to provide useful information for the decision-making process.

Explaining the effects of Tercek's media release to stakeholders

The positive press announcement strengthens the present stockholders' position while also improving management's image. Such publicity might lead to a rise in the stock price. Because the media release portrays a deceptive view of the company's financial state, future investors and stockholders would be affected.

Most popular questions for Business-studies Textbooks

The following statement is an excerpt from the FASB pronouncement related to interim reporting. Interim financial information is essential to provide investors and others with timely information as to the progress of the enterprise. The usefulness of such information rests on the relationship that it has to the annual results of operations. Accordingly, the Board has concluded that each interim period should be viewed primarily as an integral part of an annual period. In general, the results for each interim period should be based on the accounting principles and practices used by an enterprise in the preparation of its latest annual financial statements unless a change in an accounting practice or policy has been adopted in the current year. The Board has concluded, however, that certain accounting principles and practices followed for annual reporting purposes may require modification at interim reporting dates so that the reported results for the interim period may better relate to the results of operations for the annual period.

Instructions

The following six independent cases present how accounting facts might be reported on an individual company’s interim financial reports. For each of these cases, state whether the method proposed to be used for interim reporting would be acceptable under generally accepted accounting principles applicable to interim financial data. Support each answer with a brief explanation.

e) Fredonia Company has estimated its annual audit fee. It plans to pro rate this expense equally over all four quarters.

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