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Question P24-3_b

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Intermediate Accounting (Kieso)
Found in: Page 1451

Short Answer

(Ratio Computations and Additional Analysis) Bradburn Corporation was formed 5 years ago through a public subscription of common stock. Daniel Brown, who owns 15% of the common stock, was one of the organizers of Bradburn and is its current president. The company has been successful, but it currently is experiencing a shortage of funds. On June 10, 2018, Daniel Brown approached the Topeka National Bank, asking for a 24-month extension on two $35,000 notes, which are due on June 30, 2018, and September 30, 2018. Another note of $6,000 is due on March 31, 2019, but he expects no difficulty in paying this note on its due date. Brown explained that Bradburn’s cash flow problems are due primarily to the company’s desire to finance a $300,000 plant expansion over the next 2 fiscal years through internally generated funds. The commercial loan officer of Topeka National Bank requested the following financial reports for the last 2 fiscal years

BRADBURN CORPORATION

BALANCE SHEET

MARCH 31

Assets

2018

2017

Cash

$ 18,200

$ 12,500

Notes receivable

148,000

132,000

Accounts receivable (net)

131,800

125,500

Inventories (at cost)

105,000

50,000

Plant & Equipment (net of depreciation)

1,449,000

1,420,500

Total assets

$1,852,000

$1,740,500

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

Accounts payable

$ 79,000

$ 91,000

Notes payable

76,000

61,500

Accrued liabilities

9,000

6,000

Common stock (130,000 shares, $10 par)

1,300,000

1,300,000

Retained earnings*

388,000

282,000

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

$1,852,000

$1,740,500

*Cash dividends were paid at the rate of $1 per share in the fiscal year 2017 and $2 per share in the fiscal year 2018.

BRADBURN CORPORATION

INCOME STATEMENT

FOR THE FISCAL YEARS ENDED MARCH 31

2018

2017

Sales revenue

$3,000,000

$2,700,000

Cost of goods sold*

1,530,000

1,425,000

Gross margin

1,470,000

1,275,000

Operating expenses

860,000

780,000

Income before income taxes

610,000

495,000

Income taxes (40%)

244,000

198,000

Net income

$ 366,000

$ 297,000

Depreciation charges on the plant and equipment of $100,000 and $102,500 for fiscal years ended March 31, 2017, and 2018, respectively, are included in the cost of goods sold.

Instructions

b) Identify and explain what other financial reports and/or financial analyses might be helpful to the commercial loan officer of Topeka National Bank in evaluating Daniel Brown’s request for a time extension on Bradburn’s notes.

Bradburn's liquidity can be tested by day to day sales in accounts receivable turnover and day to day sales in inventory.

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Step by Step Solution

Meaning of Liquidity Ratio

The liquidity ratio indicates a person's capacity to pay off debts when they become due. To put it another way, this ratio indicates how rapidly a corporation can turn its present assets into cash in order to pay down its liabilities on time. Liquidity and short-term solvency are frequently used simultaneously.

Explaining other financial reports and financial analyses which might be helpful

The following are the other financial reports and financial analyses which might be helpful to the commercial loan officer of Topeka National Bank:

  1. The amount of cash provided by operating operations, other sources of cash, and the use of cash to meet long-term resources and long-term credit needs will be highlighted in the statement of cash flows.
  2. Forecasted financial statements for 2019, including a forecasted statement of cash flows. An investigation into Bradburn's entire budget would also be beneficial. These items will be used to present management's operational forecast for the coming year.
  3. Additional ratios such as day sales in receivables, account receivable turnover, and day sales in inventory are used to test Bradburn's liquidity.
  4. Bradburn is being investigated to see how much leverage he is using.

Most popular questions for Business-studies Textbooks

The following statement is an excerpt from the FASB pronouncement related to interim reporting. Interim financial information is essential to provide investors and others with timely information as to the progress of the enterprise. The usefulness of such information rests on the relationship that it has to the annual results of operations. Accordingly, the Board has concluded that each interim period should be viewed primarily as an integral part of an annual period. In general, the results for each interim period should be based on the accounting principles and practices used by an enterprise in the preparation of its latest annual financial statements unless a change in an accounting practice or policy has been adopted in the current year. The Board has concluded, however, that certain accounting principles and practices followed for annual reporting purposes may require modification at interim reporting dates so that the reported results for the interim period may better relate to the results of operations for the annual period.

Instructions

The following six independent cases present how accounting facts might be reported on an individual company’s interim financial reports. For each of these cases, state whether the method proposed to be used for interim reporting would be acceptable under generally accepted accounting principles applicable to interim financial data. Support each answer with a brief explanation.

b) Rockford Company is planning to report one-fourth of its pension expense each quarter.

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