Question: Presented below is a combined single-step income and retained earnings statement for Nerwin Company for 2017.
Net sales revenue $640,000
Costs and expenses
Cost of goods sold $500,000
Selling, general, and administrative expenses 66,000
Other, net 17,000
Income before income tax 57,000
Income tax 19,400
Net income 37,600
Retained earnings at beginning of period, as previously reported 141,000
Adjustment required for correction of error (7,000)
Retained earnings at beginning of period, as restated 134,000
Dividends on common stock (12,200)
Retained earnings at end of period $159,400
Additional facts are as follows.
1. “Selling, general, and administrative expenses” for 2017 included a charge of $8,500,000 that was usual but infrequently occurring.
2. “Other, net” for 2017 included a loss on sale of equipment of $6,000,000.
3. “Adjustment required for correction of an error” was a result of a change in estimate (useful life of certain assets reduced to 8 years and a catch-up adjustment made).
4. Nerwin Company disclosed earnings per common share for net income in the notes to the financial statements.
Determine from these additional facts whether the presentation of the facts in the Nerwin Company income and retained earnings statement is appropriate. If the presentation is not appropriate, describe the appropriate presentation and discuss its theoretical rationale. (Do not prepare a revised statement.)
As per the given scenario, the Nerwin Company requires some modifications in its presentation to reflect the data accurately.
Also, accurate presentation facilitates the users to draw effective financial decisions.
Financial reporting refers to the process of disclosing the financial data of a business concern with its associated stakeholders. The companies use financial statements to report their information to interested parties.
The selling and administration expenses include a charge of $8,500,000 that was usual but infrequently occurring. The same should be reported as an extraordinary item because such an event is non-recurring.
Loss on sale of equipment is the non-recurring activity of the business entity; hence the same should be disclosed separately under extraordinary items. Also, the remaining balance, i.e., $11,000,000, should be considered as other expenses, and a respective loss of $6,000,000 should be reported as an extraordinary item.
The error correction treatment is correct because the same should be adjusted in the opening balance of the profit and loss account.
The Nerwin Company should disclose the earnings per share below the net income in the income statement after deducting the preferred dividend from the net income.
The following are selected ledger accounts of Spock Corporation on December 31, 2017.
Cash $ 185,000 Salaries and wages expense (sales) $284,000
Inventory 535,000 Salaries and wages expense (office) 346,000
Sales revenue 4,275,000 Purchase returns 15,000
Unearned sales revenue 117,000 Sales returns and allowances 79,000
Purchases 2,786,000 Freight-in 72,000
Sales discounts 34,000 Accounts receivable 142,500
Purchase discounts 27,000 Sales commissions 83,000
Selling expenses 69,000 Telephone and Internet expense (sales) 17,000
Accounting and legal services 33,000 Utilities expense (office) 32,000
Insurance expense (office) 24,000 Miscellaneous office expenses 8,000
Advertising expense 54,000 Rent revenue 240,000
Delivery expense 93,000 Casualty loss (before tax) 70,000
Depreciation expense (office equipment) 48,000 Depreciation expense (sales equipment) 36,000
Common stock ($10 par) 900,000 Interest expense 176,000
Spock’s effective tax rate on all items is 34%. A physical inventory indicates that the ending inventory is $686,000.
Prepare a condensed 2017 income statement for Spock Corporation.
(Income Statement, EPS) Presented below are selected ledger accounts of Tucker Corporation as of December 31, 2017.
Administrative expenses 100,000
Selling expenses 80,000
Net sales 540,000
Cost of goods sold 210,000
Cash dividends declared (2017) 20,000
Cash dividends paid (2017) 15,000
Discontinued operations (loss before income taxes) 40,000
Depreciation expense, not recorded in 2016 30,000
Retained earnings, December 31, 2016 90,000
Effective tax rate 30%
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