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Question 1

Intermediate Accounting (Kieso)
Found in: Page 179

Short Answer

What kinds of questions about future cash flows do investors and creditors attempt to answer with information in the income statement?

An income statement facilitates the investors and creditors to predict future cash flows by comparing the current outcomes with previous reports.

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Step by Step Solution

Income Statement

An income statement refers to a report prepared by the business entities to ascertain their profits or losses from operating and non-operating functions.

Usefulness of the income statement

An income statement contains the description of revenues and expenses of one accounting period. It helps the investors and creditors to determine the business’s ability to produce cash in the future.

In addition, it facilitates the investors and creditors to determine the level of risks associated with the business by evaluating and comparing the current and past performance.

Most popular questions for Business-studies Textbooks

The following financial statement was prepared by employees of Walters Corporation.





Gross sales, including sales taxes $1,044,300

Less: Returns, allowances, and cash discounts 56,200

Net sales 988,100

Dividends, interest, and purchase discounts 30,250

Recoveries of accounts written off in prior years 13,850

Total revenues 1,032,200

Costs and expenses

Cost of goods sold, including sales taxes 465,900

Salaries and related payroll expenses 60,500

Rent 19,100

Delivery expense and freight in 3,400

Bad debt expense 27,800

Total costs and expenses 576,700

Income before other items 455,500

Other items

Loss on discontinued styles (Note 1) 71,500

Loss on sale of marketable securities (Note 2) 39,050

Loss on sale of warehouse (Note 3) 86,350

Total other items 196,900

Net income $258,600

Net income per share of common stock $2.30

Note 1: New styles and rapidly changing consumer preferences resulted in a $71,500 loss on the disposal of discontinued styles and related accessories.

Note 2: The Corporation sold an investment in marketable securities at a loss of $39,050. The corporation normally sells securities of this nature.

Note 3: The Corporation sold one of its warehouses at an $86,350 loss.


Identify and discuss the weaknesses in classification and disclosure in the single-step income statement above. You should explain why these treatments are weaknesses and what the proper presentation of the items would be in accordance with GAAP.

Question: As audit partner for Grupo and Rijo, you are in charge of reviewing the classification of unusual items that have occurred during the current year. The following material items have come to your attention.

1. A merchandising company incorrectly overstated its ending inventory 2 years ago. Inventory for all other periods is correctly computed.

2. An automobile dealer sells for $137,000 an extremely rare 1930 S type Invicta which it purchased for $21,000 10 years ago. The Invicta is the only such display item the dealer owns.

3. A drilling company during the current year extended the estimated useful life of certain drilling equipment from 9 to 15 years. As a result, depreciation for the current year was materially lowered.

4. A retail outlet changed its computation for bad debt expense from 1% to ½ of 1% of sales because of changes in its customer clientele. Concepts for Analysis 191 192 Chapter 4 Income Statement and Related Information.

5. A mining concern sells a foreign subsidiary engaged in uranium mining, although it (the seller) continues to engage in uranium mining in other countries.

6. A steel company changes from the average-cost method to the FIFO method for inventory costing purposes.

7. A construction company, at great expense, prepared a major proposal for a government loan. The loan is not approved.

8. A water pump manufacturer has had large losses resulting from a strike by its employees early in the year.

9. Depreciation for a prior period was incorrectly understated by $950,000. The error was discovered in the current year.

10. A large sheep rancher suffered a major loss because the state required that all sheep in the state be killed to halt the spread of a rare disease. Such a situation has not occurred in the state for 20 years.

11. A food distributor that sells wholesale to supermarket chains and to fast-food restaurants (two distinguishable classes of customers) decides to discontinue the division that sells to one of the two classes of customers. This represents a strategic shift in the company business.


From the foregoing information, indicate in what section of the income statement or retained earnings statement these items should be classified. Provide a brief rationale for your position.


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