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Chapter 9: Inventories: Additional Valuation Issues

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Intermediate Accounting (Kieso)
Pages: 442 - 501

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103 Questions for Chapter 9: Inventories: Additional Valuation Issues

  1. During 2017, Pretenders Furniture Company purchases a carload of wicker chairs. The manufacturer sells the chairs to Pretenders for a lump sum of $59,850 because it is discontinuing manufacturing operations and wishes to dispose of its entire stock. Three types of chairs are included in the carload. The three types and the estimated selling price for each are listed below. Type No. of Chairs Estimated Selling Price Each Lounge chairs 400 $90 Armchairs 300 80 Straight chairs 700 50 During 2017, Pretenders sells 200 lounge chairs, 100 armchairs, and 120 straight chairs. Instructions What is the amount of gross profit realized during 2017? What is the amount of inventory of unsold straight chairs on December 31, 2017?

    Found on Page 478
  2. At December 31, 2017, Indigo Girls Company has outstanding noncancelable purchase commitments for 36,000 gallons, at $3.00 per gallon, of raw material to be used in its manufacturing process. The company prices its raw material inventory at cost or market, whichever is lower. Instructions (a) Assuming that the market price as of December 31, 2017, is $3.30, how would this matter be treated in the accounts and statements? Explain. (b) Assuming that the market price as of December 31, 2017, is $2.70, instead of $3.30, how would you treat this situation in the accounts and statements? (c) Give the entry in January 2018, when the 36,000-gallon shipment is received, assuming that the situation given in (b) above existed at December 31, 2017, and that the market price in January 2018 was $2.70 per gallon. Give an explanation of your treatment.

    Found on Page 478
  3. Mark Price Company uses the gross profit method to estimate inventory for monthly reporting purposes. Presented below is information for the month of May. Inventory, May 1 $ 160,000 Purchases (gross) 640,000 Freight-in 30,000 Sales revenue 1,000,000 Sales returns 70,000 Purchase discounts 12,000 Instructions (a) Compute the estimated inventory at May 31, assuming that the gross profit is 30% of sales. (b) Compute the estimated inventory at May 31, assuming that the gross profit is 30% of cost.

    Found on Page 479
  4. Tim Legler requires an estimate of the cost of goods lost by fire on March 9. Merchandise on hand on January 1 was $38,000. Purchases since January 1 were $72,000; freight-in, $3,400; purchase returns and allowances, $2,400. Sales are made at 331 /3% above cost and totaled $100,000 to March 9. Goods costing $10,900 were left undamaged by the fire; remaining goods were destroyed. Instructions (a) Compute the cost of goods destroyed. (b) Compute the cost of goods destroyed, assuming that the gross profit is 331 /3% of sales.

    Found on Page 479
  5. Wallace Company lost most of its inventory in a fire in December just before the year-end physical inventory was taken. The corporation’s books disclosed the following. Beginning inventory $170,000 Sales revenue $650,000 Purchases for the year 390,000 Sales returns 24,000 Purchase returns 30,000 Rate of gross profi t on net sales 40% Merchandise with a selling price of $21,000 remained undamaged after the fire. Damaged merchandise with an original selling price of $15,000 had a net realizable value of $5,300. Instructions Compute the amount of the loss as a result of the fire, assuming that the corporation had no insurance coverage.

    Found on Page 479
  6. You are called by Tim Duncan of Spurs Co. on July 16 and asked to prepare a claim for insurance as a result of a theft that took place the night before. You suggest that an inventory be taken immediately. The following data are available. Inventory, July 1 $ 38,000 Purchases—goods placed in stock July 1–15 85,000 Sales revenue—goods delivered to customers (gross) 116,000 Sales returns—goods returned to stock 4,000 Your client reports that the goods on hand on July 16 cost $30,500, but you determine that this figure includes goods of $6,000 received on a consignment basis. Your past records show that sales are made at approximately 40% over cost. Duncan’s insurance covers only goods owned. Instructions Compute the claim against the insurance company.

    Found on Page 479
  7. Gheorghe Moresan Lumber Company handles three principal lines of merchandise with these varying rates of gross profit on cost. Lumber 25% Millwork 30% Hardware and fittings 40% On August 18, a fire destroyed the office, lumber shed, and a considerable portion of the lumber stacked in the yard. To file a report of loss for insurance purposes, the company must know what the inventories were immediately preceding the fire. No detail or perpetual inventory records of any kind were maintained. The only pertinent information you are able to obtain are the following facts from the general ledger, which was kept in a fireproof vault and thus escaped destruction. Lumber Millwork Hardware Inventory, Jan. 1, 2017 $ 250,000 $ 90,000 $ 45,000 Purchases to Aug. 18, 2017 1,500,000 375,000 160,000 Sales revenue to Aug. 18, 2017 2,080,000 533,000 210,000 Exercises 479 480 Chapter 9 Inventories: Additional Valuation Issues Instructions Submit your estimate of the inventory amounts immediately preceding the fire.

    Found on Page 479
  8. Presented below is information related to Aaron Rodgers Corporation for the current year. Beginning inventory $ 600,000 Purchases 1,500,000 Total goods available for sale $2,100,000 Sales revenue 2,500,000 Instructions Compute the ending inventory, assuming that (a) gross profit is 45% of sales, (b) gross profit is 60% of cost, (c) gross profit is 35% of sales, and (d) gross profit is 25% of cost.

    Found on Page 480
  9. Corrs Company began operations in 2016 and determined its ending inventory at cost and at lower-of-LIFO cost-or-market at December 31, 2016, and December 31, 2017. This information is presented below. Cost Lower-of-Cost-or-Market 12/31/16 $356,000 $327,000 12/31/17 420,000 395,000 Instructions (a) Prepare the journal entries required at December 31, 2016, and December 31, 2017, assuming that the inventory is recorded at market, and a perpetual inventory system (cost-of-goods-sold method) is used. (b) Prepare journal entries required at December 31, 2016, and December 31, 2017, assuming that the inventory is recorded at market under a perpetual system (loss method is used). (c) Which of the two methods above provides the higher net income in each year?

    Found on Page 477
  10. Question:The conventional retail inventory method yields results that are essentially the same as those yielded by the lower-of-cost-or-market method. Explain. Prepare an illustration of how the retail inventory method reduces inventory to market.

    Found on Page 474

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