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Question BE18-22

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Intermediate Accounting (Kieso)
Found in: Page 1034

Short Answer

Turner, Inc. began work on a $7,000,000 contract in 2017 to construct an office building. During 2017, Turner, Inc. incurred costs of $1,700,000, billed its customers for $1,200,000, and collected $960,000. At December 31, 2017, the estimated additional costs to complete the project total $3,300,000. Prepare Turner’s 2017 journal entries using the percentage-of-completion method.

Revenue generated from this contract is $2,380,000.

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Step by Step Solution

Meaning of Percentage-of-Completion Method

As a corporation approaches the end of a long-term contract, the percentage-of-completion technique is used to calculate revenues, expenditures, and gross profit. Deferring recognition of these items until the contract's end distorts the effort (costs) and outcomes of the accounting periods (revenues).

Journal entries of Turner Inc. in 2017

Date

Particular

Debit ($)

Credit ($)

Construction in process a/c

1,700,000

To Materials, Cash, Payables a/c

1,700,000

Accounts receivables a/c

1,200,000

To Billings on construction in process a/c

1,200,000

Cash a/c

960,000

To Accounts receivables a/c

960,000

Construction in process a/c

680,000

Construction expenses a/c

1,700,000

To Revenue from contract a/c

2,380,000

Most popular questions for Business-studies Textbooks

(Allocate Transaction Price) Crankshaft Company manufactures equipment. Crankshaft’s products range from simple automated machinery to complex systems containing numerous components. Unit selling prices range from $200,000 to $1,500,000 and are quoted inclusive of installation. The installation process does not involve changes to the features of the equipment and does not require proprietary information about the equipment in order for the installed equipment to perform to specifications. Crankshaft has the following arrangement with Winkerbean Inc.

• Winkerbean purchases equipment from Crankshaft for a price of $1,000,000 and contracts with Crankshaft to install the equipment. Crankshaft charges the same price for the equipment irrespective of whether it does the installation or not. Using market data, Crankshaft determines installation service is estimated to have a standalone selling price of $50,000. The cost of the equipment is $600,000.

• Winkerbean is obligated to pay Crankshaft the $1,000,000 upon the delivery and installation of the equipment.

Crankshaft delivers the equipment on June 1, 2017, and completes the installation of the equipment on September 30, 2017. The equipment has a useful life of 10 years. Assume that the equipment and the installation are two distinct performance obligations which should be accounted for separately.

Instructions

(a) How should the transaction price of $1,000,000 be allocated among the service obligations?

(b) Prepare the journal entries for Crankshaft for this revenue arrangement on June 1, 2017 and September 30, 2017, assuming Crankshaft receives payment when installation is completed.

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