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Operations And Supply Chain Management
Found in: Page 189
Operations And Supply Chain Management

Operations And Supply Chain Management

Book edition 14th
Author(s) F. Robert Jacobs
Pages 800 pages
ISBN 9780078024023

Short Answer

What is the objective of assembly-line balancing? How would you deal with the situation where one worker, although trying hard, is 20 percent slower than the other 10 people in a line?

Assembly line balance is a production technique that establishes an expected pace of production to manufacture a certain item within a specific time.

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Step by Step Solution

Objective of assembly-line balancing

The objective of assembly-line balancing is to develop an efficient relationship between jobs and workstations to reduce idle time. We could teach the weaker employee to perform faster. The basic goal of assembly line balancing is to divide the workload equitably throughout the working area so that waiting time for equipment is reduced and overall waiting time in the entire working area on a specific level of output is minimized.

In general, the goal of line balancing is to decrease the number of terminals while increasing the output rate. Line balance is also utilized to achieve the following goals: minimize setup times, maximize load uniformity, as well as improve task relatedness. Some criteria are used to measure the characteristics of line balancing, such as easily make, smoothness score, as well as line balancing duration. Line effectiveness, balancing postpones, and smoothness index was utilized in this study to evaluate as well as increase the effectiveness of line balancing.

Deal with the situation where one worker, although trying hard, is 20 percent slower than the other 10 people in a line

If the worker’s function is critical, they will give training programs to help them increase their efficiency as well as speed. To compensate for his or her sluggishness, he or she may be placed on the preferred task. Furthermore, if the line's safety, as well as physical qualities, allow, faster personnel may help the sluggish employee.

Setting a projected level of production for essential materials to be created within a specific time would be part of the plan. Furthermore, proper line balancing necessitates ensuring that each line segment's production quota can be reached within the timespan allotted utilizing the available manufacturing capacity. As a result, the sluggish employee would be assigned a task that was appropriate for his or her abilities.

According to the Learning Curve Model, the overall duration of any manufacturing will reduce as the task is completed more over the period, which indicates that as the worker continues to execute the same activity, the total time necessary to complete the work will reduce.

However, in practice, it is not always the case that the concept holds, and each employee finishes the work quickly while doing a similar task again. It might happen for a variety of causes. There are some methods we might help a worker who, while working more, is worse than others on the line.

First, one must speak with the employee to see whether or not that specific field is of interest to him as well as her, since they understand if somebody is unmotivated to perform anything, nothing will work to boost that person's efficiency. As a result of determining his or her field of study, we can attempt to position the person in that sector. Second, one can attempt to offer the worker the appropriate training so that he or she can perform much better by gaining the essential abilities as well as information for the work.

A balanced assembly line, for instance, would divide labor equitably across all assembly line employees. If they had one individual in the line who was 20% slower than the remaining staff, they may add an extra employee to the line who was also a slow employee as well as divide the task in half so that they could do half of it in half the period it would have taken to complete the entire things.

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