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Q.61

Expert-verified
Organic Chemistry
Found in: Page 330

Short Answer

Draw a stepwise, detailed mechanism for the following reaction.

The mechanism for the formation of the substitution and elimination products are shown below:

See the step by step solution

Step by Step Solution

Types of reactions

Weak bases and weak nucleophiles such as water promote a mixture of both and E1 reactions. Here water is used, which acts both as a weak base and weak nucleophile. As a result, they give a mixture of both and E1 reactions.

Types of reactions by tertiary halides

Tertiary halides undergo a and E1 reaction respectively when a weak nucleophile and a weak base are used, such as water which is so observed in this reaction.

Similarities in both the reaction pathway

Both and E1 reactions are two-step processes, and carbocation formation is the rate-determining step.

By considering all the steps, the mechanism for the formation of the substitution and elimination products are shown below:

Representation of the detailed reaction schemes

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