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Q42.

Expert-verified
Organic Chemistry
Found in: Page 54

Short Answer

Question: Draw an acceptable Lewis structure from each condensed structure, such that all atoms have zero formal charges.

  1. Diethyl ether, the first general anesthetic used in medical procedures
  2. Acrylonitrile, starting material used to manufacture synthetic Orlon fibers
  3. Dihydroxyacetone, , an ingredient in sunless tanning products
  4. Acetic anhydride, a reagent used to synthesize aspirin

Answer

The acceptable Lewis structure for each compound is given below.

a.

b.

c.

d.

See the step by step solution

Step by Step Solution

Step-by-Step SolutionStep 1: Lewis structures

The electrons are indicated in the form of dots while depicting the Lewis structures. The Lewis structures can be illustrated with the help of valence electrons.

Step 2: Lewis structure of  

a. The given compound is

The valence electrons of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen are four, one, and six, respectively. The Lewis structure of is indicated by denoting bonds between the atoms, and the lone pair of electrons on the oxygen atom.

The valence electrons in the compound is given below:

Representation of Lewis structure of a

Step 3: Lewis structure of

b. The given compound is

The valence electrons of carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen are four, one, and five, respectively. The electrons are represented as bonds between two atoms, and the lone pair of electrons on the nitrogen is also shown.

The valence electrons in the compound is given below:

Representation of Lewis structure of b

 Step 4: Lewis structure of

c. The given compound is

The valence electrons of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen are four, one, and six, respectively. Bonds are utilized to represent electrons in Lewis structures. The lone pair of electrons present in several atoms are also indicated.

The valence electrons in the compound is given below:

Representation of Lewis structure of c

 Representation of Lewis structure of 

d. The given compound is

The valence electrons of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen are four, one, and six, respectively. The electrons located between the atoms of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen are denoted in bonds. The lone pair of electrons on carbon (C) and oxygen (O) is also indicated in the Lewis structure.

The valence electrons in the compound is given below:

Representation of Lewis structure of d

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