Select your language

Suggested languages for you:
Log In Start studying!
Answers without the blur. Just sign up for free and you're in → Illustration

Q60.

Expert-verified
Organic Chemistry
Found in: Page 56

Short Answer

Question: Draw in all the carbon and hydrogen atoms in each molecule.

a.

b.

c.

d.

Answer

a.

b.

c.

d.

See the step by step solution

Step by Step Solution

Step-by-Step Solution Step 1: Position of carbon and hydrogen atoms in the skeletal structure

The carbon atoms are placed at all the junctions and terminal positions of the straight lines. The hydrogen atoms are placed bonded to each carbon atom such that the tetravalency of all the carbon atoms is satisfied.

Step 2: Adding lone pairs for the attainment of octet

Along with the shared pair of electrons in the bond, the lone pairs are added to all the heteroatoms to complete their octet.

Step 3: Addition of carbon-hydrogen

a. First, all the carbon atoms are placed at the junctions, and the bonds' terminals are represented as straight lines. Then, hydrogen atoms are fixed, bonded to carbon atoms such that the tetra valency of the carbon atoms gets satisfied.

Carbon and hydrogen atoms on Menthanol

b. All the carbon atoms are placed at the junctions and the terminals of the bonds. Hydrogen atoms are placed to satisfy the tetravalency of all carbon atoms.

According to the tetravalency, carbon atoms having a double bond will have fewer hydrogen atoms attached to them.

Carbon and hydrogen atoms on Ethambutol

d. Appropriate numbers of carbon and hydrogen atoms are placed on the ring. And then, lone pairs are added to heteroatoms.

Carbon and hydrogen atoms on Estradiol

Recommended explanations on Chemistry Textbooks

94% of StudySmarter users get better grades.

Sign up for free
94% of StudySmarter users get better grades.