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Chapter 30: Synthetic Polymers

Organic Chemistry
Pages: 1198 - 1230

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9 Questions for Chapter 30: Synthetic Polymers

  1. What polymers are formed from each monomer?

    Found on Page 1223
  2. Draw the structure of the polymer formed by chain-growth polymerization of each monomer.

    Found on Page 1224
  3. What monomer(s) are used to prepare each polymer or copolymer?

    Found on Page 1224
  4. Draw the structure of the polymer formed by step-growth polymerization of each monomer or pair of monomers.

    Found on Page 1225
  5. Draw the structure of the polymer that results from anionic polymerization of p-trichloromethylstyrene using ethylene oxide as the electrophile to terminate the chain.

    Found on Page 1225
  6. Although styrene undergoes both cationic and anionic polymerization equally well, one method is often preferred with substituted styrenes. Which method is preferred with each compound? Explain.

    Found on Page 1227
  7. Rank the following compounds in order of increasing ability to undergo anionic chain-growth polymerization.

    Found on Page 1227
  8. Although chain branching in radical polymerizations can occur by intermolecular H abstraction as shown in Mechanism 30.2, chain branching can also occur by intramolecular H abstraction to form branched polyethylene that contains butyl groups as branches.

    Found on Page 1230
  9. The reaction of urea and formaldehyde forms a highly cross-linked polymer used in foams. Suggest a structure for this polymer. [Hint: Examine the structures of Bakelite (Figure 30.7) and Melmac (Problem 30.58).]

    Found on Page 1230

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