In Problems 3 – 18, use the elimination method to find a general solution for the given linear system, where differentiation is with respect to t.
The solutions for the given linear system are and .
Elimination Procedure for 2 × 2 Systems:
To find a general solution for the system
Where and are polynomials in
a. Make sure that the system is written in operator form.
b. Eliminate one of the variables, say, y, and solve the resulting equation for x(t). If the system is degenerating, stop! A separate analysis is required to determine whether or not there are solutions.
c. (Shortcut) If possible, use the system to derive an equation that involves y(t) but not its derivatives. [Otherwise, go to step (d).] Substitute the found expression for x(t) into this equation to get a formula for y(t). The expressions for x(t), and y(t) give the desired general solution.
d. Eliminate x from the system and solve for y(t). [Solving for y(t) gives more constants----in fact, twice as many as needed.]
e. Remove the extra constants by substituting the expressions for x(t) and y(t) into one or both of the equations in the system. Write the expressions for x(t) and y(t) in terms of the remaining constants.
Let us rewrite this system of operators in operator form:
Multiply (D-1) on equation (3) and subtract with equation (4). one gets,
Since the corresponding auxiliary equation is . The roots are and .
Then, the general solution is
Substitute the equation (5) in equation (3).
Thus, the solutions for the given linear system are and .
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