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Q. 10

Expert-verified
Found in: Page 800

### The Practice of Statistics for AP

Book edition 4th
Author(s) David Moore,Daren Starnes,Dan Yates
Pages 809 pages
ISBN 9781319113339

# Insurance adjusters are always vigilant about being overcharged for accident repairs. The adjusters suspect that Repair Shop $1$ quotes higher estimates than Repair Shop $2$. To check their suspicion, the adjusters randomly select $12$ cars that were recently involved in an accident and then take each of the cars to both repair shops to obtain separate estimates of the cost to ﬁx the vehicle. Theestimates are given below in hundreds of dollars.Assuming that the conditions for inference are reasonably met, which of the following signiﬁcance tests could legitimately be used to determine whether the adjusters’ suspicion is correct?I. A paired $t$ testII. A two-sample $t$testIII. A t test to see if the slope of the population regression line is $0$.(a) I only(b) II only(c) I and III(d) II and III(e) I, II, and III

The tests could legitimately be used to determine whether the adjusters’ suspicion is correct is (e) I, II, and III .

See the step by step solution

## Step 1: Given information

We are given that the adjusters suspect that Repair Shop $1$ quotes higher estimates than Repair Shop $2$, to confirm their doubts, the adjusters randomly select $12$take each of the automobiles that were recently involved in an accident to both repair shops for independent quotes on the cost to repair the vehicle.

We need to find that tests that could legitimately be used to determine whether the adjusters’ suspicion is correct.

## Step 2: Explanation

Here in this question , we will find tests that could legitimately be used to determine whether the adjusters' suspicion is correct. For that it is given that each observation is paired by car , so the$T$-test are paired.

We will treat given two population as not paired , we will do analysis then We will also note this thing that standard error will be quite on higher side . Generally , the two-sample$T$ test are referenced when the observations are not paired.

For the third test , we will check if dummy variable slope related with the shop is$0$ or not. Because we can possibly use dummy code the cars and shops.

So tests that could legitimately be used to determine whether the adjusters’ suspicion is correct are all the three tests.