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Expert-verified Found in: Page 164 ### College Physics (Urone)

Book edition 1st Edition
Author(s) Paul Peter Urone
Pages 1272 pages
ISBN 9781938168000 # A basketball player jumps straight up for a ball. To do this, he lowers his body 0.300 m and then accelerates through this distance by forcefully straightening his legs. This player leaves the floor with a vertical velocity sufficient to carry him 0.900 m above the floor. (a) Calculate his velocity when he leaves the floor. (b) Calculate his acceleration while he is straightening his legs. He goes from zero to the velocity found in part (a) in a distance of 0.300 m. (c) Calculate the force he exerts on the floor to do this, given that his mass is 110 kg.

(a) The initial velocity of the player is 4.2 m/s.

(b) The acceleration is 29.4 m/s2.

(c) The force exerted on the floor is -4312 N

See the step by step solution

## Step 1: Given data

• Hight = 0.900 m.

## Step 2: (a) Determine the initial velocity of the player.

Apply the equation of motion as:

${{\mathbit{v}}}^{{\mathbf{2}}}{\mathbf{-}}{{\mathbit{u}}}^{{\mathbf{2}}}{\mathbf{=}}{\mathbf{2}}{\mathbit{g}}{\mathbit{h}}$

Here, v is the final speed, u is the initial speed, g is the acceleration due to gravity, and h is the height attained.

Substitute 0 for v, 0.9 m for h, and (-9.8) m/s2 for g in the above expression, and we get,

$\begin{array}{c}0-{u}^{2}=2×\left(-9.8\right){\text{ m/s}}^{\text{2}}×0.9\text{ m}\\ u=\sqrt{17.64{\text{ m}}^{\text{2}}{\text{/s}}^{\text{2}}}\\ u=4.2\text{ m/s}\end{array}$

Hence, the initial velocity of the player is 4.2 m/s.

## Step 3: (b) Determine the acceleration during the straightening of the legs

Apply the equation of motion as:

${{\mathbit{v}}}^{{\mathbf{2}}}{\mathbf{-}}{{\mathbit{u}}}^{{\mathbf{2}}}{\mathbf{=}}{\mathbf{2}}{\mathbit{a}}{\mathbit{s}}$

Here, a is the acceleration, and s is the distance covered.

Substitute 0 for u, 4.2 m/s for v, and 0.3 m for s in the above expression, and we get,

$\begin{array}{c}{4.2}^{2}{\text{ m}}^{\text{2}}{\text{/s}}^{\text{2}}-0=2×a×0.3\text{ m}\\ 17.64{\text{ m}}^{\text{2}}{\text{/s}}^{\text{2}}-0=a×0.6\text{ m}\\ a=\frac{17.64{\text{ m}}^{\text{2}}{\text{/s}}^{\text{2}}}{0.6\text{ m}}\\ a=29.4{\text{ m/s}}^{2}\end{array}$

Hence, the acceleration is 29.4 m/s2.

## Step 4: (c) Determine the force exerted on the floor

The free-body diagram is shown below: Apply Newton’s Second Law of motion as:

$\begin{array}{c}{F}_{net}=ma\\ F-mg=ma\end{array}$

Here, m is the mass of the player, F is the force exerted, and Fnet is the net force exerted.

Substitute 110 kg for m, 29.4 m/s2 for a, and 9.8 m/s2 for g in the above expression, and we get,

$\begin{array}{c}F-110\text{ kg}×{\text{9.8 m/s}}^{2}=110\text{ kg}×{\text{29.4 m/s}}^{2}\\ F-1078\text{ kg}\cdot {\text{m/s}}^{2}=3234\text{ kg}\cdot {\text{m/s}}^{2}\\ F=\left(3234+1078\right)\text{ N}\\ \text{F}=4312\text{ N}\end{array}$

Hence, the force exerted on the floor is -4312 N as the force will be in the opposite direction. ### Want to see more solutions like these? 