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College Physics (Urone)
Found in: Page 731

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Short Answer

What determines the severity of a shock? Can you say that a certain voltage is hazardous without further information?

The severity of electrical shock or electrocution damage is mainly determined by three factors: (1) the path the current takes in and through the body, (2) the amount of voltage (high vs. low), and (3) the type of current (alternating current or AC versus direct current or DC).

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Step by Step Solution

Step 1: Defining the Severity of a shock

Shock is a life-threatening condition when the body's blood supply is insufficient. When there isn't enough blood flow, cells and organs don't obtain enough oxygen or nutrients to function correctly. As a result, many organs may be harmed. Shock necessitates prompt medical attention and might quickly deteriorate.

Step 2: Determining the severity of a shock

The following are the primary factors that influence the severity of a shock:

1. The quantity of current that flows through the body \(\left( {\rm{I}} \right)\).

2. The current's passage through the body.

3. The amount of time the shock lasts.

4. The body's natural resistance (it changes if the skin is dry or wet).

5. The current's frequency \({\rm{f}}\)\(\left( {{\rm{f = 0 for DC}}} \right)\).

No, you are unable tosay that a certain voltage is hazardous without further information. The quantity of current and its frequency, the duration of the shock, and the course traveled by the current are all things we need to know.

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