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Found in: Page 426

### College Physics (Urone)

Book edition 1st Edition
Author(s) Paul Peter Urone
Pages 1272 pages
ISBN 9781938168000

# Why is it preferable for airplanes to take off into the wind rather than with the wind?

More lift can be achieved by taking off the airplane into the wind.

See the step by step solution

## Step 1: Velocity

The rate at which an object changes its position is measured in velocity, which is a vector quantity.

## Step 2: Design of the wings of the airplane

The wings of the airplane are designed in such a way that it creates an area of low pressure above the wing and relatively high pressure below the wing. the airplane can get a lift because of this pressure difference.

Figure 1: Design of a wing of the airplane

## Step3: Take off into the wind

When the airplane is taking off into the wind, the relative velocity of the wind is higher. This helps inflow air with a high velocity above the wing and thus creating a low-pressure area above the wing as per Bernoulli's principle. A better lift can be achieved with lesser ground speed by taking off into the air. Furthermore, the airplane can be controlled easily due to this lift.

## Step 4: Take off in the wind

When the airplane is taking off in the wind, the relative velocity of the wind is lesser. To get a better lift, the airplane needs to increase ground speed so that air flows with greater speed above the wing and creates a low-pressure area. Taking off into the wind creates less lift hence it is not preferred. Furthermore, controlling an airplane with less lift is not safe.