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Expert-verified Found in: Page 79 ### College Physics (Urone)

Book edition 1st Edition
Author(s) Paul Peter Urone
Pages 1272 pages
ISBN 9781938168000 # If a subway train is moving to the left (has a negative velocity) and then comes to a stop, what is the direction of its acceleration? Is the acceleration positive or negative?

The acceleration will be in the right direction. The acceleration will be shown as positive.

See the step by step solution

## Step 1: Acceleration and its direction

In terms of both speed and direction, acceleration is the rate at which velocity varies with time. Acceleration is a vector quantity since it has both a magnitude and a direction.

## Step 2: Acceleration of train

Here we have to consider the velocity of the train initially, which is moving in the left direction has magnitude V m/s and the direction can be negative sign ass mentioned in the question.

• The initial velocity of the train = $-V\text{\hspace{0.17em}m/s}$.
• The train is stopped after some time T.
• The final velocity of the train will be = $\text{0\hspace{0.17em}m/s}$.

Applying the formula of acceleration as:

$\begin{array}{l}\mathrm{a}=\frac{\mathrm{\Delta V}}{\mathrm{T}}\\ \mathrm{a}=\frac{\text{Final\hspace{0.17em}velocity\hspace{0.17em}}-\text{\hspace{0.17em}Intial\hspace{0.17em}velocity}}{\text{Time}}\\ \mathrm{a}=\frac{0-\left(-\mathrm{V}\right)}{\mathrm{T}}\\ \mathrm{a}=\frac{\mathrm{V}}{\mathrm{T}}{\text{\hspace{0.17em}m/s}}^{2}\end{array}$

Hence it can be said that the train had a positive acceleration, which is opposite to that of the velocity of the train. ### Want to see more solutions like these? 