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Expert-verified Found in: Page 82 ### College Physics (Urone)

Book edition 1st Edition
Author(s) Paul Peter Urone
Pages 1272 pages
ISBN 9781938168000 # (a) Calculate Earth’s average speed relative to the Sun. (b) What is its average velocity over a period of one year?

a. Earth’s average speed related to Sun is $3×{10}^{4}\text{\hspace{0.17em}m/s}$.

b. The average velocity of the earth is zero.

See the step by step solution

## Step 1: Average speed of earth around the Sun

Average speed is the ratio of the total distance travelled to that of the total time taken to travel that distance.

a.

Substituting values in the above equation, we get,

$\begin{array}{c}\mathrm{S}=\frac{2×3.14×1.5×{10}^{11}\text{\hspace{0.17em}m}}{365×24×3600\text{\hspace{0.17em}s}}\\ \mathrm{S}=3×{10}^{4}\text{\hspace{0.17em}m/s}\end{array}$

Hence the average speed of the earth around the sun is $\mathbf{30000}\text{\hspace{0.17em}m/s}$ .

## Step 2: Average Velocity of the earth around the Sun

The average velocity is the ratio of the average displacement to that of the time period.

In the case of circular motion, after one year, the earth is coming back to its initial position.

b.

Hence displacement will be zero.

$\text{Average\hspace{0.17em}velocity =}\frac{\text{Total\hspace{0.17em}Displacement}}{\text{Total\hspace{0.17em}Time}}$

Substituting values in the above equation, we get,

$\begin{array}{c}\mathrm{V}=\frac{0}{1\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\mathrm{year}}\\ \mathrm{V}=\frac{0}{365×24×3600}\\ \mathrm{V}=0\text{\hspace{0.17em}m/s}\end{array}$

Hence the velocity will be zero, and the speed will be 0 m/s. ### Want to see more solutions like these? 