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College Physics (Urone)
Found in: Page 316

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Short Answer

Suppose a \({\rm{900}}\;{\rm{kg}}\)car is on the bridge in Figure \({\rm{9}}{\rm{.34}}\) with its center of mass halfway between the hinges and the cable attachments. (The bridge is supported by the cables and hinges only.) (a) Find the force in the cables. (b) Find the direction and magnitude of the force exerted by the hinges on the bridge.

(a) The force in the cables is \({\rm{13213}}\;{\rm{N}}\).

(b) The force on the hinges is \({\rm{26811}}\;{\rm{N}}\) with \({\rm{67}}{\rm{.8^\circ }}\) approaching the opposite shore, with the bridge.

See the step by step solution

Step by Step Solution

Step 1: Concept

Total torque about the point of rotation which is fixed is zero.

Step 2: Diagram

The distance of the CG from the left hinge is \({{\rm{r}}_{\rm{l}}}{\rm{ = 1}}{\rm{.5}}\;{\rm{m}}\).

The distance to the opposite shore is \({{\rm{l}}_{\rm{r}}}{\rm{ = 9}}\;{\rm{m}}\).

The mass of the bridge is \({\rm{m = 2500}}\;{\rm{kg}}\).

The diagram is shown below:

Step 3: Calculation of the force

  1. The torque by the weight of drawbridge is,

\(\begin{array}{c}{{\rm{\tau }}_{{\rm{db}}}}{\rm{ = W \times }}{{\rm{r}}_{\rm{l}}}\\{\rm{ = 2500 \times 9}}{\rm{.8 \times ( - 1}}{\rm{.5)}}\\{\rm{ = - 36750}}\;{\rm{N \times m}}\end{array}\)

The torque due to the weight of the car is(clockwise),

\(\begin{array}{c}{{\rm{\tau }}_{{\rm{car}}}}{\rm{ = }}{{\rm{W}}_{{\rm{car}}}}{\rm{ \times - }}{{\rm{r}}_{{\rm{car}}}}\\{\rm{ = 900 \times 9}}{\rm{.8 \times ( - 4}}{\rm{.5)}}\\{\rm{ = - 39690}}\;{\rm{N \times m}}\end{array}\)

The torque due to tension on the ropes is,

\(\begin{array}{c}{{\rm{\tau }}_{{\rm{rope}}}}{\rm{ = T \times }}{{\rm{r}}_{{\rm{rope}}}}{\rm{ \times sin40^\circ }}\\{\rm{ = T \times 9 \times sin40^\circ }}\\{\rm{ = 5}}{\rm{.79 T}}\end{array}\)

This torque is anticlockwise.

For equilibrium, the net torque is zero. So,

\(\begin{array}{c}{{\rm{\tau }}_{{\rm{db}}}}{\rm{ + }}{{\rm{\tau }}_{{\rm{car}}}}{\rm{ = }}{{\rm{\tau }}_{{\rm{rope}}}}\\{\rm{ - 36750 + ( - 39690) = 5}}{\rm{.79 T}}\\{\rm{T = }}\frac{{36750 + 39690}}{{5.79}}\\{\rm{T = 13213}}\;{\rm{N}}\end{array}\)

Hence, the force is \({\rm{13213}}\;{\rm{N}}\).

Step 4: Calculation of the force on the hinge

  1. We have the tension from part (a) is \({\rm{T = 13213}}\;{\rm{N}}\).

The horizontal component is,

\(\begin{array}{c}{\rm{Tcos40^\circ }}\\{\rm{ = 13213cos40^\circ }}\\{\rm{ = 10122}}\;{\rm{N}}\end{array}\)

The vertical component is,

\(\begin{array}{c}{\rm{mg + }}{{\rm{m}}_c}{\rm{g - Tsin40^\circ }}\\{\rm{ = (2500 + 900)}} \times {\rm{9}}{\rm{.8 - 13213sin40^\circ }}\\{\rm{ = 24827}}\;{\rm{N}}\end{array}\)

Due to the force in hinge inclined at \({\rm{\theta }}\) with the horizontal, the horizontal component is,


\(\begin{array}{c}{\rm{tan\theta = }}\frac{{{\rm{24827}}}}{{{\rm{10122}}}}\\{\rm{\theta = 67}}{\rm{.8^\circ }}\end{array}\)

The force is,

\(\begin{array}{c}{\rm{F = }}\sqrt {{\rm{10122}}{}^{\rm{2}}{\rm{ + 2482}}{{\rm{7}}^{\rm{2}}}} \\{\rm{ = 26811}}\;{\rm{N}}\end{array}\)

Hence, the force is \({\rm{26811}}\;{\rm{N}}\) with \({\rm{67}}{\rm{.8^\circ }}\)approaching the opposite shore, with the bridge.

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