 Suggested languages for you:

Europe

Answers without the blur. Sign up and see all textbooks for free! Q6.3-30 PE

Expert-verified Found in: Page 191 ### College Physics (Urone)

Book edition 1st Edition
Author(s) Paul Peter Urone
Pages 1272 pages
ISBN 9781938168000 # If a car takes a banked curve at less than the ideal speed, friction is needed to keep it from sliding toward the inside of the curve (a real problem on icy mountain roads). (a) Calculate the ideal speed to take a $$100{\rm{ m}}$$ radius curve banked at $$15.0^\circ$$. (b) What is the minimum coefficient of friction needed for a frightened driver to take the same curve at $$20.0{\rm{ km}}/{\rm{h}}$$?

1. The ideal speed to take the turn is $$16.2{\rm{ m}}/{\rm{s}}$$.
2. Minimum coefficient of friction is $$0.27$$.
See the step by step solution

## Step 1: Definition of Coefficient of friction

The coefficient of friction is defined as the ratio of frictional force to the normal reaction force. It is a scalar and dimensionless quantity with no units.

## Step 2: Calculating ideal speed for radius curve

The ideal speed to take a safe turn is,

$$v = \sqrt {rg\tan \theta }$$

Here, $$r$$ is the radius of the curved road, $$g$$ is the acceleration due to gravity, and $$\theta$$ is the ideal banking angle.

Substitute $$100{\rm{ m}}$$ for $$r$$, $$9.8{\rm{ m}}/{{\rm{s}}^2}$$ for $$g$$, and $$15.0^\circ$$ for $$\theta$$,

\begin{aligned}{}v = \sqrt {\left( {100{\rm{ m}}} \right) \times \left( {9.8{\rm{ m}}/{{\rm{s}}^2}} \right) \times \tan \left( {15.0^\circ } \right)} \\ = 16.2{\rm{ m}}/{\rm{s}}\end{aligned}

Hence, the ideal speed to take the turn is $$16.2{\rm{ m}}/{\rm{s}}$$.

## Step 3: Calculating the minimum coefficient of friction

The coefficient of friction is,

$$\mu = \frac{{{v^2}}}{{rg}}$$

Substitute $$16.2{\rm{ m}}/{\rm{s}}$$ for $$v$$, $$100{\rm{ m}}$$ for $$r$$, $$9.8{\rm{ m}}/{{\rm{s}}^2}$$ for $$g$$,

\begin{aligned}{}\mu = \frac{{{{\left( {16.2{\rm{ m}}/{\rm{s}}} \right)}^2}}}{{\left( {100{\rm{ m}}} \right) \times \left( {9.8{\rm{ m}}/{{\rm{s}}^2}} \right)}}\\ = 0.27\end{aligned}

Hence, the minimum coefficient of friction is $$0.27$$. ### Want to see more solutions like these? 