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Q55PE

Expert-verifiedFound in: Page 263

Book edition
1st Edition

Author(s)
Paul Peter Urone

Pages
1272 pages

ISBN
9781938168000

**Kanellos Kanellopoulos flew 119 km from Crete to Santorini, Greece, on April 23, 1988, in the Daedalus 88, an aircraft powered by a bicycle-type drive mechanism (see Figure 7.42). His useful power output for the 234-min trip was about 350 W. Using the efficiency for cycling from Table 7.2, calculate the food energy in kilojoules he metabolized during the flight.**

The energy used in metabolism during flight is \(5872.37{\rm{ kcal}}\).

**The efficiency is the ratio of the total useful output by the total input. It is a measure of how efficiently a device uses energy. **

Mathematically,

\(\eta \% = \frac{{{P_o}}}{{{P_i}}} \times 100\% \)

Here, \(\eta \) is the efficiency, \({P_o}\) is the useful power output, and \(P\) is the total power input.

The total power input of the person can be calculated using equation (1.1).

Rearranging equation (1.1) in order to get an expression for the total power input.

\({P_i} = \frac{{{P_o}}}{{\eta \% }} \times 100\% \)

Here, \({P_o}\) is the useful power output \(\left( {{P_o} = 350{\rm{ W}}} \right)\), and \(\eta \) is the efficiency of cycling\(\left( {\eta = 20\% } \right)\).

Putting all known values,

\(\begin{aligned} {P_i} &= \frac{{\left( {350{\rm{ W}}} \right)}}{{20\% }} \times 100\% \\ &= 1750{\rm{ W}}\end{aligned}\)

The energy consumed is,

\(E = {P_i}t\)

Here, \({P_i}\) is the input power \(\left( {{P_i} = 1750{\rm{ W}}} \right)\), and t is the time of operation \(\left( {t = 234{\rm{ min}}} \right)\).

Putting all known values,

\(\begin{aligned} E &= \left( {1750{\rm{ W}}} \right) \times \left( {234{\rm{ min}}} \right)\\ &= \left( {1750{\rm{ W}}} \right) \times \left( {234{\rm{ min}}} \right) \times \left( {\frac{{60{\rm{ sec}}}}{{1{\rm{ min}}}}} \right)\\ &= 24570000{\rm{ J}} \times \left( {\frac{{1{\rm{ kcal}}}}{{4184{\rm{ J}}}}} \right)\\ &= 5872.37{\rm{ kcal}}\end{aligned}\)

Therefore, the required energy used in metabolism during flight is \(5872.37{\rm{ kcal}}\).

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